BY MOHAN SHENOY
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Everyone knows where on earth
India is and of India.
If one searches the Karnaataka
state map one finds the
Dakshina Kannada District on
the Southern coast of
Adyar is now (2013) a part of
the Mangalore Municipal
Corporation (MMC). But in the
year 1898 A.D., the village of
Adyar was a beautiful rural
hamlet with Nethravathi River
flowing through it. Two unpaved
village on each bank of the
river, from the District
headquarters town of
Mangalore to the interior areas;
principally, to Gurpur and Mijar
and then on to Moodbidri,
Karkala, Agumbe and so on.
But it was to the sourthern
Kasargod District, situated
south of Mangalore that much
of the trade lines were running.
The villages of Ullal,
Kasargod, Bekal Fort,
Kanhangad, Nileshwar and
of Kasargod district, formed the
most important places where
Gowda Saaraswath Braahman
community lived and prospered.
The district of Kannanore
(known as Cannanore before
and as Kannur now), was
particularly rich in GSB
Kannada language was used as
the administrative language,
since very ancient times in most
of the Canara region but since
the time of Vijayanagara
Dynasty i.e. since 14th Century
Kannada was used extensively
in commerce and literature. The
mother tongue of the GSBs was
however Konkani language and
not Kannada. The GSB people
always spoke Konkani language
in their homes since very early
history of India. The Konkani
language is a vernacular form of
Sanskrit language. The Canara
and Malabar area was ruled by
the British Crown until 1947
when India got Independence.
PERSONS FROM WHOM THE MEMBERS OF ADYAR GOPAL PARIVAR HAVE
ADYAR MANJUNATH SHANBHOGUE
SAMPIGE MADHAV KINI
MANCHKAL LAKSHMAN KUDVA
THREE SISTERS' CHILDREN VIZ MIJAR SHENOYS, HIRANKI KINIS OR MIJAR KAMATHS.
|All the information provided to this website and to the Adyar Gopal Parivar is
published on the web and so it will all be available to the public at large.
Only the names and their relationships with the forefathers is published and
addresses and telephone numbers will be retained in the files. These
addresses and telephone numbers may be made available to other members if
|ADYAR GOPAL WORLD
BY DR. MOHAN G.
WRITTEN BY MOHAN SHENOY
CLICK ON THE IMAGE
his grand-father late Ramachandra Shanbhogue. Gopal’s father was late Adyar Manjunath
Shanbhogue. When calling, the name Manjunath often became Mainath. Gopalakrishna
Manjunath had two sisters, one older and the other younger. I have not been able to find
out the details of these two of our ancestors. The younger was called Sannakka (younger
sister) but her real name is unknown.
Mijar Annappa Kamath was the maternal grand-father of Adyar Gopalakrishna Shenoy.
His wife Ammanni was the eldest of the three sisters who formed the root persons of Adyar
Gopal Parivar. She gave birth to four children the eldest of whom was Yamuna.
Dasappa was the second child. Cherdappa was the third one and Radha, a girl, was the
Annappa was an agriculturist and grew paddy in his 4 Acre plot that he got for lease from
the Jain landlords in Mijar. He also had a shop in which he sold vegetables, rice, and ready
to eat food, such as snacks and meals.
His elder son Dasappa helped him in his fields and in his shop but the younger son
Cherdappa (given name Manjunath) was less cooperative with his parents and roamed
around in the village with his friends and neighbours.
However Cherdappa soon learnt how to prepare sweets and snacks and worked in a small
restaurant in Yedapadav and earned some money regularly. He was not a spendthrift and
gave his profits to his mother Ammanni who saved it in secret places in the small kitchen in
their thatched house of mud-walls.
Most of the houses of GSBs in those days had thatched roofs but the walls were either of
mud or of bricks. The doors and windows had frames and shutters made of wood. The
floors were made of beaten mud coated with cow-dung paste. The cow-dung paste was
mixed with either lampsoot for black colour or red powder to obtain red colour for the floor.
Cow-dung was considered to have anti-septic properties. Even the surfaces of the walls
were coated with cow-dung dissolved in water. In some houses the walls were plastered
with lime and mud mixture and painted with lime wash. Kitchen was located in the back of
the building and had a mud-stove fired by firewood. The bathroom was next to the kitchen
but it was used only for bathing and washing. In towns such as Mangalore, the toilet was in
a separate building with mud-walls, wooden doors and thatched roofs. But in the villages the
residents used the open ground in the back of the house or the fields or forests beyond to
Yamuna Annappa Kamath (married name Kamala Manjunath Shanbhogue)
Gopal’s mother was Kamala. Kamala’s maiden name was Yamuna. She was the eldest child
of Ammanni. She got married to Adyar Manjunath Shanbhogue somewhere around 1894.
Kamala’s first child was a girl and she was named Nethravathi. The second child was also
a girl and she was named Gowri. The third child was a girl again, and she was named
Sridevi. The fourth child was a son and he was named Ramachandra, the same name as
that of the grand-father of the child as was the custom. The fifth child was our hero
Gopalkirshna. After Gopal another male child was born and it got the name Padmanabha.
Kamala returns to her maternal Home as a widow
When Padmanabha was about a year old there occurred a plague epidemic in Adyar village
and most of the population was wiped out. Kamala and the six children survived the
epidemic but the grand-father Ramachandra and the father Manjunath lost their lives. There
was chaos in the village and everyone was fleeing to escape death. Kamala and the
children were not allowed to view the faces of the dead elders. Even before the dead bodies
of were cremated, Kamala was advised to flee Adyar, leaving everything behind. Kamala
hired a bullock cart and loaded all her children on it. Kamala also loaded some clothes and
a few essential household goods and set out towards her maternal home in Mijar village.
The grieving Kamala and the children were admitted into her maternal home with love and
affection by her father Mijar Annappa Kamath and her mother Ammanni. Her two younger
brothers, Dasappa and Cherdappa were grief-stricken and warmly showed the family of
their elder sister now a widow into a room in their thatch-roofed house. Gopal and his five
siblings made themselves comfortable in their new home.
Ammanni cried incessantly along with Kamala and all the other women in the house
including her elder sister Bhagirathi. Bhagirathi was living nearby with her husband Mijar
Madhav Shenoy. Bhagirathi had already given birth to a number of children of which we
know that three of them were boys. Ammanni’s second sister Gowri yani Soiram also had
come to Mijar from Bantwal where she lived with her husband Hiranki Ramachandra Kini.
Bantwal was about 20 miles from Mijar and it took Soiram an overnight journey in a bullock
cart to cover the distance. In those days most of the traveling was done by bullock carts and
the cartman preferred to travel after dark to avoid the excesses of weather during the day. If
there was a moon shining during the journey then no light was required. On moonless or
cloudy nights the cartman lit a torch of dried palm leaves to light the road.
Ramachandra Kini of Bantwal was a businessman and his wife Soiram almost always
came with him to Mijar and met her sisters in Mijar.
Thus Soiram, Bhagirathi and Ammanni kept themselves close to each other and helped
each other. They shared both happiness and sorrow of each other. Soiram also had given
birth to quite a number of children among whom we know that there was a girl and three
boys. When Kamala, the widow of Manjunath Shanbhogue arrived in Mijar she was
surrounded by her mother Ammanni and the two aunts, Bhagirathi and Gowri, all of whom
tried to pacify her. Yet, they broke down themselves with more and more wails of grief and
Kamala was to spend the rest of her life as a widowed mother of six children but entirely
dependent on her parents for financial support. Gopal and his five siblings grew up in Mijar.
Kamala came to Mijar with her infant son Padmanabha in her laps. Both Gowri and Sridevi
got themselves busy by helping the grand-mother Ammanni in the chores in the kitchen and
around the paddy fields which they cultivated. Ammanni cried incessantly along with Kamala
and all the other women in the house including her elder sister Bhagirathi. Bhagirathi was
living nearby with her husband Mijar Madhav Shenoy. Bhagirathi had already given birth to
a number of children of which we know that three of them were boys. Ammanni’s second
sister Gowri yani Soiram also had come to Mijar from Bantwal where she lived with her
husband Hiranki Ramachandra Kini.
By this time the eldest daughter Nethravathi had been married and also lost her husband
even before her marriage was consummated. Nethravathi became a widow at the age of
about 12 and remained a widow throughout her life with her head shaven clean and her
forehead devoid of the red dot or Thilo (Thilak). Her husband had died of some acute illness
within a year of her marriage in Mangalore. She had been to her husband’s house only once
or twice and for a short period each time. Now she was destined to stay at her maternal
home for all her life. Nethravathi also came in the same bullock-cart along with the Kamala
family to Mijar and was admitted into her grand-father Annappa Kamath’s house with love
and affection but also with much sadness.
Nethravathi and Yamuna were forbidden from wearing colourful clothes or jewelry since
they were widows. They wore dark brick-red coloured sarees or white sarees bringing one
end of the saree over their head covering their clean-shaven pates. They could not take
part in the wedding ceremonies for the same reason, but they could help in various other
ways such as filling up the water vessels, or spreading the mattresses for the guests. They
could do many other chores around the house but not those that were conducted as part of
Adyar Ramachandra Shenoy
Ramachandra, the eldest of the three sons of Yamuna married Seetha Bai of Neeleshwar.
Seetha Bai conceived many years after marriage and delivered a male baby, which baby
passed away after about 15 months of birth.
Adyar Gopalakrishna Shenoy
Gopalakrishna, son of Yamuna married Amba, the eldest daughter of Cherdappa, the
younger son of Mijar Annappa Kamath.
Adyar Padmanabha Shenoy
Padmanabha, son of Yamuna married Lakshmidevi (Narayani, daughter of Bhami Lakshman
Thus Yamuna’s family got scattered. Nethravathi lived in Mangalore. Gowri and Vittappa
Bhat lived in Gurpur. Sridevi also lived in Gurpur with her husband Panduranga Bhat.
Ramachandra and Gopalakrishna were put up in Gowri’s house in Gurpur and made to work
in Vittappa’s canteen. Vittappa was in sweets business also. He would prepare various
kinds of sweets and set up stalls in different village fairs. He was an expert in preparation of
sweets. He was asked to come and prepare loads of sweets during the weddings in
different villages and towns in South Canara district. Padmanabha the youngest of the three
brothers some how managed to grow up with his aunts and uncles; some times in Mijar and
some times in Gurpur. He also stayed in Mangalore with aunt Nethravathi during the school
holidays and helped her in her diary business supplying mink to customer’s houses and
We do not have the records of the names of the parents or the grand parents of the three
sisters we consider our roots. The three sisters were instrumental in keeping the Mijar
Madhav Shenoy family in close touch with the Mijar Annappa Kamath family and the two
Mijar families with the Hiranki Kini family of Baddakatte in Bantwal.
Manjunath yani Cherdappa, son of Annappa Kamath married Radhu, the third daughter of
Sampige Madhav Kini. Radhu gave birth to three children, Amba, Kitti and Mukundray.
Adyar Gopalakrishna Shenoy
Amba, daughter of Manjunath married Adyar Gopalakrishna Shenoy and gave birth to nine
children. They are, Tara, Dayanand, Venkatesh, Mohan, Chandrashekar, Sridhar,
Muralidhar, Shanthi and Anandray. Amba’s married name was Radha Bai. Chandrashekar
passed away in infancy and Anandray passed away at the age of four years.
Harekal Venkatesh Pai
Tara, daughter of Amba married Harekal Venkatesh Pai and gave birth to six children. They
are Geetha, Uma, Krishna, Suguna, Ananth and Sumana. Tara’s married name is Sharada.
Geetha, daughter of Tara married Narayan Kamath and gave birth to one son, Ashwin and
one daughter, Anitha. Details and marriage and of children of Ashwin and Anitha are
Uma, daughter of Tara married Purushottam Baliga of Panemangalore. They are issueless.
Harekal Krishna Pai
Krishna, son of Tara married Prabha of Moodbidri. Prabha gave birth to one daughter,
Suguna, daughter of Tara married Manohar Prabhu. They are issueless.
Harekal Ananth Pai
Ananth, son of Tara married Yamuna of Chennai. Yamuna gave birth to two daughters,
details of whom are awaited.
Sumana, daughter of Tara married Jagannath Kamath and gave birth to two sons, the
details of whom are awaited.
Adyar Dayanand Shenoy
Dayanand, son of Amba married Rathna (Kasthuri, daughter of Sujir Madhav Nayak) and
got two sons, Dinesh and Suresh and one daughter, Savitha.
Adyar Dinesh Shenoy
Dinesh, son of Dayanand married Anitha (daughter of Kastrhuri Varadaraya Prabhu of
Suratkal) who gave birth to three daughters, Mahalakshmi, Sushmi and Rashmi.
Suresh, son of Dayananda passed away at the age of around 30 years. He was not
Savitha, daughter of Dayanand married Mathew and gave birth to one daughter the details
of whom are awaited.
Adyar Venkatesh Shenoy
Venkatesh, son of Amba married Maya (daughter of Harekal Mukund Nayak) who gave birth
to two daughters and one son. They are, Sushma, Jayashree and Yashwant.
Sushma, daughter of Venkatesh married Dilip Bhonsle and gave birth to one daughter,
Jayashree, daughter of Venkatesh married Kiran Pai and gave birth to one son, Shreyas.
Yashwant V Shenoy
Yashwant, son of Venkatesh married Preethi who gave birth to one daughter, Tanisha.
Adyar Mohan Shenoy
Mohan, son of Amba married Lalitha (Leela, daughter of G.K.Narasimha Prabhu) who gave
birth to one daughter, Preethi and one son, Srinath.
Ashwin Kumar Shenoy
Preethi, daughter of Mohan married Ashwin Kumar (son of Harugar Shrinivas Shenoy) and
gave birth to one daughter, Achala and one son, Avik.
Srinath Mohan Shenoy
Srinath, son of Mohan married Nisha (daughter of K. Upendra Rao) who gave birth to one
Adyar Sridhar Shenoy
Sridhar, son of Amba married Bharathi (daughter of Vagga Raghunath Pai) who gave birth
to one son, Mangesh yani Naveen.
Adyar Naveen (Mangesh) Shenoy
Naveen, son of Sridhar married Roopa (daughter of Koteshwar Anand Nayak) who gave
birth one daughter, Neha.
Adyar Muralidhar Shenoy
Muralidhar, son of Amba married Manjula (daughter of Puttur Varad Rao) and gave birth to
two daughters, Maina and Malavika and one son, Manjeet.
Maina, daughter of Murlaidhar married Sanjay Shet and gave birth to a son, Sanath and one
Malavika, daughter of Murlaidhar married Anil Kamath and gave birth to one daughter,
Manjeet M Shenoy
Manjeet, son of Muralidhar married Sanjana. who gave birth to one son, Dev.
Manchkal Nithyanand Kudva
Shanthi, daughter of Amba married Nithyanand, (son of Manchkal Srinivas Kudva) and gave
birth to two sons, Prasad and Yogish.
Jalar Ramachandra Nayak
Kitti, daughter of Radhu and sister of Amba, married Jalar Ramachandra Nayak of
Mangalore but she passed away before any child was born to her.
Mijar Mukundray Kamath
Mukundray, son of Mijar Manjunath Kamath married Susheela (Sarojini, daughter of
Anusuya and grand-daughter of Santini Shusheelakka of Kannanore) who gave birth to two
daughters, Vijayalakshmi and Vasanthi.
I Ramdas Prabhu
Vijayalakshmi, daughter of Mukundray married Ramdas (son of Madike Takrar Venkatesh
Prabhu) and gave birth to a daughter, Manjula and a son, Suraj.
Vasanthi, daughter of Mukundray married Umesh Shenoy. They are issueless.
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