The subject of this book is semi-religious, more social than
religious. The matter in this book is nothing more than that
which one can find in textbooks and handbooks found on the
shelves of any bookstore. I have not resorted to much
research of the literature to write this book but instead I
have researched my mind to put together my knowledge
and experience gained throughout my life. I have only
restated the well-known facts and then elaborated my
thoughts and opinions concerning them. I do not wish to
deny that there are diverse opinions and each person has
his or her own experiences that influence his or her
Vedas and Vaidik Religion
Decline of the Vedas
Hindus around the World
Hindu Identity
Indian Hindus Abroad
Hindus in Independent India
Senior Citizens
Court Cases
Man and his Wife
Hindu Places of Worship
Hindu Temples in India
Worship at Hindu Temples  
Hindu Mathas and Aashramas
Sacred Water Pilgrimage Centers
of Hinduism  
Hindu Festivals
Raam Navami
Hanuman Jayanthi
Varamahalakshmi Vritha
Sri Krishna Jayanthi
Gowri Ganesha Festival
Naraka Chaturdashi
and Dhanalakshmi Puja  
Deepavali and Gow Puja
Festival Bath
Balipadyami and Shops
and Establishments Puja
Makara Sankranthi
Maha Shivarathri  
Holi and Raksha Bandhan
Rathotsava and other Utsava   
Hindu Astronomy and Astrology
Hindu Calendar
Hindu Date of Birth
Method of Preparation of Birth
Phala Jyothisha or Astrological
Praarabdha, the Hindu Concept
of Fate
Hindu Samskaara  
and Shimanthonnayana
Hindu Good Habits
Vivaaha or Grihasthaashrama  
This River Sindhu is so wide and long that it was initially thought
to be the continuation of the Arabian Sea. The land lying beyond
this ‘sea’ was referred to as Sindhi land. The river formed a very
prominent landmark for travelers and invaders that came across
from Asia and Europe. Sindhi became Hindi, which later became
Indi and then India over a period of time. As Indi or India became
common as a name for this vast land on the banks of river
Sindhu, the people populating this land were referred to as Hindi
people, Indi people, India people or Indians. Persian and Arabic
languages referred to the Indians as Hindu people. The land that
the Hindu people inhabited was referred to as Bharatha-Varsha in
the past, in the Vaidik texts and Shaastra(s), but subsequently
came to be referred to as Hindustan ('Stan' meaning home)
following the term Hindu being applied to the inhabitants. First,
the name Hindu did not specify any religion but only to the
people living in this land. But in the course of time, the Indians
were forced to adopt this name Hindu, for their religion also, to
distinguish them from Mussalmans and Christians. The Vaidik or
Sanathana Dharma were the specific names but the Hindu
Dharma became the common name for Hinduism. There are many
Hindu sub-religions in India. Hindu Dharma and the Hindu sub-
religions are all based on the common concepts enunciated in the
The minimum Hinduism practice essentially consists of calling
ourselves Hindus. The name Hindu is a sweet name, just like the
names Hindi and Hindustan are. Hinduism is a religion and not
just a way of life. The first rule of minimum Hinduism practice is
therefore to identify ourselves as Hindus. The second rule in
minimum Hinduism practice is to follow the Laws of the land and
country to which one belongs. In India a Hindu must love the
country as the motherland and be proud of having been born
here. A Hindu must remain as a lawful citizen and work towards
strengthening the Constitution of India. The Indian Constitution
is not a Hindu Constitution, but the majority of Indians being
Hindu the legislative, judicial and executive branches of the
administration are run by people among whom Hindus are in
majority. The fourth branch consists of media (newspapers, TV
channels etc.). These people are Hindu in their upbringing and
possess a Hindu bent of mind. Every Hindu person in these
branches and in the media ought to be impartial in dealing with
customers and clients of different religions. The minimum
Hinduism practice refers to this attitude of a Hindu-born to
protect and promote one's own denomination and at the same
time do no harm to other denominations. He or she need not
support or encourage fanaticism, blind faith and superstitious
practices but none of his or her actions should weaken the fabric
of Hindu Dharma.
The Laws of the land are however most supreme and a Hindu
while practicing minimum Hinduism can not break any Laws of the
country, even if he routinely breaks any law, rule, regulation,
advice, recommendation etc., which are laid down in the Vedas
and Puraanas. If a Hindu breaks any law of the land then he or
she will suffer the consequences like any other citizen. Such a
Hindu will still continue as a Hindu. But if he or she fails to
perform the rituals and worship prescribed in the Hindu scriptures
then he or she is still allowed to take part in all Hindu activities
and will not be excommunicated or boycotted.
A child born in a Hindu family has no choice but to call
himself/herself a Hindu. It is easy to know the customs and
traditions of Hinduism for the child born in a Hindu family that
lives in India since most of the people in the neighbourhood and
in the village, town or city belong to Hinduism. The parents and
the child have to only go along with the others in the community.
But for those families that live outside India where the people
surrounding them are not Hindus, the practice of Hinduism is
difficult. They will have to rely on their memories of Hindu
customs that their folks followed in India or elsewhere. Although
books and Vedas and Shaastras are available for reference, the
ordinary Hindu is not able to read and understand the verses in
them unless he or she is conversant with Sanskrit language.
These difficulties make the expatriate families lose touch with
Hinduism and discourage them from calling themselves Hindus. In
India it is necessary to stick to Hinduism because there are
benefits under the Constitution of India that are available to a
Hindu belonging to Scheduled castes and tribes. These benefits
of reservations are not available if the person changes the
religion and becomes a non-Hindu. But in the foreign lands no
such benefits are available and it does not matter if a Hindu
stops calling himself a Hindu even though his or her parents and
grandparents were Hindu. Such people might even opt to convert
themselves to other religions for the sake of convenience. Like it
is in India, the person belonging to the religion of the majority
has more chances of getting a job, of buying a good house at
competitive prices or getting the children admitted in good
schools and colleges. There is a gradual drift of the Hindus
towards other religions in such situations. In order to prevent
such loss of members to Hinduism it is required to facilitate the
Hindus in foreign lands to keep adhered to their customs and
traditions or at least perform certain rituals that will keep them
within the Hindu fold. If the child grows up in a home where food
cooked is purely vegetarian, then the child will not enjoy non-
vegetarian food, in his subsequent years of life. Vegetarianism is
hallmark of Hinduism although there is no hard and fast rule like
in Jainism. Jainism prohibits non-vegetarian food altogether.
Many habits that develop in our life do not give themselves to
change easily, in spite of a choice being offered to change. We
make choices that turn out to be our fate. Our fate has grown
around our choices. Praarabdha or the Hindu concept of fate has
no place in minimum Hinduism practice.
About 80% of the population in India belongs to Hindu
religion. Our religion and caste are the same as those of
our father, unless we have got converted into another
religion. A Hindu might or might not believe in God (an
atheist), or he might or might not go to temples, perform
Hindu rituals at home or attend Hindu functions, yet he will
be included in the Hindu religion unless he specifically
wants to be excluded. Although many Hindus know that
they belong to Hindu religion, their knowledge about Hindu
religion is limited.
The purpose of this book is to explore, by giving a brief
account of the Hindu religion, the options available and
minimum requirements to call oneself a Hindu. The fact
that one or both parents of the person belong to Hinduism
is sufficient to be called Hindu. For a person to continue to
claim to be a Hindu, the person has to observe the laws of
the countries he or she lives in. There is nothing that a
Hindu is forced to perform as a Hindu except that he should
be a law-abiding citizen of the country he is living in. Every
Hindu however, will benefit by knowing the minimum
beliefs and traditions of Hinduism and then decide for
himself or herself, how he or she should behave or act to
practice Hinduism.
Those who are born to parents belonging to Hindu,
Lingaayats, Veerashaiva, Brahmo, Prarthana, Arya Samaj,
etc. are all Hindus. Those belonging to Muslim, Christian,
Parsi or Jew religion are not Hindus. The name Hindu is the
most commonly used name for this religion although there
are other names like Vaidik, and Sanathana. The word
Hinduism represents Hindu Dharma. The word 'Dharma' is
equal to the word 'religion' for all practical purposes. In fact
the names 'Vaidik Dharma' and 'Sanathana Dharma' are
the names, which are really more suitable for Hindu
Dharma or Hinduism.
The names Hindu Dharma and Hinduism are therefore used
here to indicate the religion practiced by the majority of
the Indians.
Hindu Dharma is practiced in India from time immemorial.
Those who practice Hindu Dharma are called Hindus (plural
for Hindu). The name Hindu is a modern name given to this
ancient religion, by travelers and invaders from outside
India. Many historians believe that the word Hindu is a
derivative of the word Sindhu. Sindhu is a river that flows
from the Himalayan Mountains to the Arabian Sea. This
River Sindhu is so wide and long that it was initially thought
to be the continuation of the Arabian Sea.
Paper Back Edition released in February
2009 (Indian print).
412+70 pages (Total 482 pages)
Price INR 250 (Two Hundred Fifty Indian
To order this book please contact Dr.
Mohan Shenoy at phone: +91-9845855787
or 91-80-26797278
or send E-mail to
There is provision for a FREE 30-day
trial in which one can return the book
within 30 days and not make any
payment. One pays only if one
decides to keep the book.
Adyar Gopal Parivar
A book written by Dr. Mohan Shenoy
Dr. Mohan Shenoy has written and published a book on prevailing
affairs of Hindu people all over the world.
There are 412 pages of matter and 70 other pages. It is a paper
back edition.
The price is
INR. 250
Those interested can contact Dr. Shenoy.
Call +919845855787
About the book
'Minimum Hinduism Practice'
My friend Mohan has bared his Soul for his Fellow man to
Reading this book highlights the love for his Religion and his Country
and his desire to preserve the inherent goodness which is embedded
from birth in each of us.
Agree or disagree, the readers are being challenged to evaluate their
own lives.
Enjoy the opportunity!
- Paul Stedge, Vestal N. Y.

Mr. V.SHIVARAMAKRISHNAN, M.A.IES(Retd)    Consulting Editor,
Dilip, Mumbai-25, writes,

I read with great interest this book for almost two days without much
Dr. Shenoy, a medical practitioner by profession seems to me to be a
typical modern educated Indian with a progressive outlook, yet rooted
in the religion of his birth, namely Sanatana Dharma or Hinduism.
He is no stick-in-the-mud nor is he a radical in his views on Hindu
customs, beliefs, rituals, and traditional practices such as temple
worship and pilgrimages.
He gives the impression of one who, perhaps from his adolescence,
has been a keen observer of men and things around him, gathering
information on things religious and (in) general from books and
journals, and while taking nothing for granted, forming his own
independent views.
Dr. Shenoy rightly insists on obedience to the laws of the country and
respect for the judiciary. He writes on subjects which are vitally
concerned with Hindus - temples, maths, pilgrim centres, rituals at
different stages of life (samskaras), and festivals. He wants every
Hindu to stick to the immemorial religio-cultural values viz. truth,
honesty, non-violence, non-stealing, among others, that are upheld in
the scriptural works.
Dr. Shenoy comes down heavily on astrology and astrologers. "Belief
in 'Jyotisha phala'," he says "is a disease like an addiction, which
causes mental debility or psychological morbidity". He is against
attaching too much importance to horoscopes and
horoscope-matching in fixing marital alliances. He leads us to this
conclusion after giving in great detail a background of Indian
astronomy and astrological principles of casting horoscopes. As one
who does not believe in an after-life and the karma theory, Dr.Shenoy
is against the doctrine of Vedanta.
Dr. Shenoy is a stern realist. The Codes of conduct he prescribes for
students, businessmen, senior citizens etc., are down-to-earth and
The author has collected a fund of information about several aspects
of Hindu religion. The book is valuable from this point of view. He has
expressed his views frankly but he should realise that they are
circumscribed by the (limited) knowledge he possesses. It is possible
that he may change his views as his knowledge deepens and widens.
In religious matters-in matters of faith- it is difficult to be assertive
beyond a point.
Mr. H. Krishna Swamy residing at house number 104,
"Vijayashri", Main Road, LIC Colony, 3rd Block East,
Jayanagar, Bangalore 560011, India, writes: "I am very
much delighted to go through the book. The book is very
exhaustive in content. It is an eye-opener to many a
common man. Dr. Shenoy's efforts are really very
commendable and worthy of appreciation."
Table of Contents
Let's Get On With Our Lives
'Let's Get On With Our Lives
A Novel By Dr. Mohan Shenoy
This story narrates how a family of Gowda Saraswath
Brahmans (GSBs) managed with their lives, amid greenery,
ample rain, warm and pleasant weather and fertile land of
Kannanur,  Malabar district, on the west coast of India, with
their tremendous physical and mental agility to tackle
poverty, diseases, superstition and limited avenues for
their livelihood.
This story tells about not the powerful emperors of south
India. Only the high-rising mountains and large and wide
rivers formed the boundaries of different kingdoms in south
India before the reorganization of the states on linguistic
basis in 1954, and not the predominance of either a religion
or a language. Kannanur was predominantly populated by
Malayalam-speakers but Tulu-speakers, Konkanis and
Kannadigas were in substantial numbers in and around
north Malabar. The (GSBs) were Konkani-speakers but
studied Malayalam or Kannada in the schools.  The
concentration of (GSBs) rapidly increased following the take-
over of administration of Goa by the Portuguese in 1510.
When Britain signed the 1784 Mangalore Treaty with Tipu
Sultan, Kannanur which was held by Tipu came under the
East India Company. The British spelt Kannanur as
Cannanore (pronounced as Cann’nore.) The Kerala state
government and the Cannanore district administration
began to spell the name as Kannur. I have called it
Kannanur to signify that this work is a work of fiction.
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Mohan Shenoy was born to poor Hindu
Karnaataka coastal town of Mangalore. He
studied in the famous Ganapathy High School
in Mangalore and later went to the
Ramnarain Ruia College, Matunga, Bombay
for further studies. He joined the Grant
Medical College of the Bombay University for
the medical degree course in 1961. He
graduated and got his M.B.B.S. degree in the
year 1967. After a brief stint in General
Practice in his native town of Mangalore,
during which time he married Leela Prabhu of
Gurpur village and his daughter Preethi was
born, he left for further studies to course in
Pathology at the Monmouth Medical Center,
Long Branch, New Jersy. Dr. Mohan Shenoy
continued his Pathology Residency at the
Down State Medical Center-Kings County
Hospital, Brooklyn, New York, and passed the
Pathology Boards in 1975.
Dr. Mohan Shenoy spent over 14 years in the
United States in two sojourns, once between
1968 and 1977 and again between 1997 and
2003, and working as a GP or a Pathologist.
He returned to India, first in 1977 and
established his private clinical laboratory in
Bangalore. When he returned in 2003 Dr.
Mohan Shenoy retired from active medical
practice and began to do things he always
wanted to do. He composed many
documentary video CDs and published these
among his friends and relatives free of cost
to them, in India and abroad. He also
authored many books in Konkani, Kannada
and English languages, and published them
under the banner of Adyar Gopal Parivar, a
society of the extended family of his parents.
Mohan launched a website to let the world know of
his activities. Adyar Gopala Krishna Shenoy
was his father.
He has keen interest in history and therefore
he read many history books and gathered
information. He wrote historical aspects more
extensively in his books. He was influenced
by the principles of the Rashtriya
Swayamsevak Sangha and of Arya Samaj
from young age.
The story is an attempt to place before the
readers the probable steps our ancestors
climbed in order to reach this high through
the ages. By our ancestors I mean the
people who lived on the West coast of
India from their first human forms up to
the present.
The story is completely my imagination
and not based on any hard and fast
evidence. But it is based on the present
knowledge of people like me about the
stages of civilization. We do not have
much evidence to either believe or not
believe if man developed from apes; first
into homonids and then into Homo sapiens.
This story is based on whatever is known
to an educated person like me and
provides a possible outline of the lives of
people who lived here since the earliest
The reader can understand the reason for
this novel to have been a science fiction
and a fantasy. It is an I am sure any other
writer might not have written a better
story because fully authentic information
is lacking on the subject.
Author: Mohan Shenoy
ISBN/EAN13: 1500749184 / 9781500749187

Page Count: 234
Language: English

Price US $ 12.00  (Approx. Rs. 675)

The novel winds through lives of people to point out how
vacancies happen and how they are filled. The stories appear to
resemble those of our own friends and relatives but none of them
are biographies of any living or dead person. They are only
imaginary episodes woven into fictional compositions to produce
an impact on the minds of readers to regard this world as a
continuous machine of decay and death followed by renewal and
The story is an attempt to place before the readers how
retirement affects men and women. Ancient Indians have divided
life into four phases; the learning phase, the earning phase, the
benefit phase and the transfer phase. The learning phase lasts
from birth to adulthood. The earning phase begins from late
adolescence to the time we retire from service and business. The
benefit phase lasts until we decide to wind up our activities. The
transfer phase starts when we like to give away our possessions
and prepare for death.
Vacancy occurs in our family and in the fields we seek position to
learn, earn, benefit and transfer. In every walk of life the vacancy
that is created has to be filled for the world to go on. The society
renews itself along with Nature. Some vacancies are filled in the
natural course while our active participation fills others. The
most glaring vacancy is death of a person. Some one living has
to fill the vacancy caused by death. Other vacancies occur by
abandonment, which forces us to redesign the vacancy. Divorce is
one such vacancy. Laws of nature rule many vacancies while rules
made by men facilitate other vacancies.
A New Book by Dr. Shenoy
published in Sep 2013
Find Yourself, Young Man 240 pages
Innu Nanage Beda (Kannada)
70 pages
Find Yourself, Young Man
A New Book by Dr. Shenoy
Navadharma is a Kannada language book
published in March 2014.
Radhali Padyavali
138 pages
Minimum Hinduism Practice Vol 3     
Minimum Hinduism Practice Vol 2     
I give below links to
my books available for
sale online for the
sake of any unforeseen
interest you might
find, who knows?
Physical paper-back
books (Cut the link and
paste it in the URL
box, Enter)
Minimum Hinduism Practice 480 pages
First Edition printed in Feb 2009
The Hindu Gentleman and Lady
90 pages
Karnaataka Rajyotsava and Other Essays 180 pages
Amazon Kindle Books (You can read downloading Kindle
reader software available free)
Amazon Kindle Books
(You can read the e-books on the PC screen after
downloading Kindle reader software available free)
Indian Karnaataka
Minimum Hinduism Practice Vol 1
Adyar Gopal Parivar Publishers
The festival 'Karnaataka Raajyotsava' is
a state Kannada speaking populace
wherever they live. It is a festival of
recent origin and has been observed
every year since 1956. It is mainly a
political festival. Its celebration is not
confined to any particular religion or
personality. In fact the government of
Karnaataka takes pride in celebrating it
because it is the day of birth of the new
Karnaataka state formed for all the
Kannada-speaking people. After the
Indian states were reorganised in 1956,
under the States Reorganization Act of
1956 passed by the then Parliament,  the
erstwhile princely state of Mysore got
many large tracts of land from the
erstwhile Madras, Bombay and
Hyderabad states and the whole of Coorg
added to it to form the state of New
Mysore on 1st November 1956. In 1973,
the Kannada language enthusiasts
succeeded in renaming the state as the
state of Karnaataka on 1st November of
that year.
The festival is financed by the state
government. Crores of rupees (a crore is
equal to 10 million) are spent on the
month long festival. The first day of the
month of November every year is
declared as a public holiday. It is based
on the common calendar and not based
on the Hindu calendar, while the religious
festivals are held on the dates selected
based on the religious calendar so that
they occur on different dates in any year.
The workers are entitled to a leave-day
for this festival by the National and
Festival Holidays Act.
Raajyotsava Awards are given to
Kannada people who contributed to the
state in various fields such as sports,
medicine, social service, journalism,
culture which includes music, dance and
etc. In fact the Awards Committee
consisting of ministers and officials of the
state government select people who
excelled in any field from among the
applicants. Recently the fields included
Environment and Wild-life,
Administration, Kannada language
Research, and Cultural
event-management. The fields of
Agriculture, Light music (sugama
sangita), Modern Dance, and also
Classical dance and Theatre have been
recognized for the awards. The other
fields are Folklore, Yakshagaana,
Cinema, Small screen or television
shows, Media other than journalists and
Kannada people living outside the state
known as Hornada Kannadiga. These
awards carry a cash prize (Rs. 10,000
earlier and Rs. 1 lakh most recently),
Gold medal (weighing 20 grams on the
recent occasion), a citation or certificate
and a shawl. If the awardee is otherwise
eligible may be allotted a house site out
of turn by the government through the
House Development Authorities. More
and more fields are likely to be
recognized as years pass.
The Kannada and Culture Ministry and
the Kannada Development Department
are given the responsibility of planning
and executing this annual exercise of
giving Raajyotsava Awards. The
government recognizes that when the
deserving nominees are given the
awards, it is Kannada language and the
Karnaataka government that gets the
credit and glory more than the awardee.
Also the number of nominees need not be
restricted to a low figure because there
are so many individuals that bring name
and fame to Kannada and Karnaataka.
About five hundred people should be
chosen each year for the awards to
bestow recognition of the achievements
and talents of Kannada people and their
service to the land. Also the nominees
selected should be well-liked by the
people around them and well-respected
by those who are engaged in the chosen
District in the state of Karnaataka (Karnataka). Gopal is the name
of father of Dr. Mohan G. Shenoy and the word Parivar means the
extended family of Gopal. The full name of Gopal was Adyar
Gopalakrishna Shenoy (AGP).

This Parivar is like a Group of people born in the families of AGP
after his father Adyar Manjunath Shanbhogue, his uncle Mijar
Annappa Kamath, grandfather of his wife Sampige Madhav Kini,
uncle of his wife Manchkal Lakshman Kudva, his uncle Mijar
Madhav Shenoy and his another uncle Hiranki Ramachandra Kini all
of who lived in the latter half of Nineteenth Century and early part
of Twentieth Century.

All those born to these root persons and to both male and female
children of these six ancestors are members of this Group by birth.
No one other than those born in these families could be
considered members of this Group. Dr. Mohan G. Shenoy thought
about forming a Group of this kind in the year 2007 and began to
look for those men, women and children that claimed to have been
born in these families and compiled a list which he published in
2007 under the name of ‘Adyar Gopal Shakthiphato’ in Konkani of
Kannada script.

Later he authored books and got them printed in Bangalore and in
Udupi printing presses. He published them under the name of
Adyar Gopal Parivar, Publishers.

Further Dr. Shenoy got in touch with the self-publishing facility
provided by USA firm CreateSpace and published more books in
English, Kannada and Konkani.

The Amazon Company of USA under the URL www. is
the holding firm of CreateSpace and Amazon is the marketing
source of books published through CreateSpace.

Dr. Shenoy says "My experiences are like any West Coast Indian.
Made them available to all in my book "Rajyotsava and Other

He further says that the Indian Tree of Morals was planted million
years ago, heavens watered it, can’t uproot it as depicted in his
book "Hindu Gentleman and Lady"

Konkani language & people are described briefly in my English
idiom book ‘Karnaataka Rajyotsava and Other Essays.’
1 Innu Nanage Beda (Kannada)
70 pages

2 Minimum Hinduism Practice
480 pages

3. Hodu Ani Saanu (Konkani Novel written in
Kannada Script) 142 pages.
readers because of its 'adult content'.
Story of an elderly man recounting his
Available with
Click on the picture to view the details.

Latest Konkani Non-fiction by
Dr. Mohan Shenoy
Hamva Daktru Jallom!
Click on the picture for more information.
The autobiography of any person gets to be
interesting at a later date and age especially
for readers who are interested in history of the
This book is partially an autobiography of Dr.
Mohan Shenoy, the author has given much
bites to chew on in this book about medicine in
Available at www,  of USA.
Search site
'Let's Get On With Our Lives
A Novel By Dr. Mohan Shenoy
This is a fictional work and there are
places, characters and events that
may resemble one or other persons
or many of the people who lived in
those years and in that age of the
story. But being entirely fictional it
is requested that no importance be
given to these resemblances or any
implication and perception formed
out of the similarity of persons and
It is purely for the sake of enjoying a story that this book
be used and not as a source of authentic or reliable source
of history of the GSBs.
Disclaimer: This is a fiction and any resemblance to
any person or event is only incidental and not real.
The author does not assume responsibility for any
consequences arising from such assumption or