ADYAR GOPAL PARIVAR
Significance of
Karimani (Dharemani) and Mangalasutra
By Mohan Shenoy
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Significance of Dharemani and Mangalasutra
One of the necklaces is more important than the other if it
has been tied around the neck of the bride by the husband.
therefore it is more important in sanctity. In other
communities the Thaali is more important and therefore the
necklace with the Thaali has more sanctity. In
Mangalasutra the golden box is the Thaali.

The Kanimani or Dharemani is tied around the neck of the
bride as a symbol of Kanyadaana or giving the bride to the
bridegroom and the mother or any person who performs the
Kanyadaana ties it around the neck of the bride.
                No one knows for sure what shape or form an ID
to indicate married status should be.
               The Mangal Sutra and Karimani are symbols of
married status.
               All Hindu women in the past wished to be
protected from lewd men by various means.
               The suttungal silver or other metal rings around
the second toe on each foot make sound and announce
that a married woman is approaching.
               An ankle chain may also do the same thing.
               A large red bindi used to be a signal of a Hindu
married woman but now it is losing significance because
converted Christian women are also wearing it.
               The Mangal Sutra and Karimani have changed
shapes and forms over the years. Selection of these must
be made depending upon who is going to look at them. In
America the diamond ring is the symbol of married status,
usually. I was wondering why my lady colleagues were very
excited by my beautiful diamond ring
               If a married woman lives in India or visits India
then it is enough if there are small round black beads all
along the necklace (about 60 of them) and any kind of
pendant.
               The pendant shown in the pictures is what is
known as 'Taali' in Kannada, which is more important for
most South Indian woman than the Karimanis.
              The two gold octagonal bodies are supposed to be
equivalent to any symbols of married status if they are
separated by another bead like an oblong coral among the
Gowd Saraswat Braahman women.
                The GSB women wear the Mangalasutra when
they appear in temples, festivals, GSB meetings, or when
visiting GSB homes for any ceremonial activity. Karimani or
Dharemani is worn always particularly below the Vindhya
range such as in Maharashtra and other southern states in
India. Outside India also Karimani has more significance.
              These comprise the Dhare Mani a necklace tied
around the bride by the bridegroom once the marriage is
performed in front of well-wishers, friends and relatives. It is
a symbol declaring that the bride is given to the bridegroom
as his wife and to live together free of any interferences or
objections by any one in the community. Dhare is stream.
Stream of water or milk. Mani is bead. When the bride is
given by symbolic pouring of water or milk on the hands of
the couple with a coconut placed on the palms, by the
parents or guardians accompanied by spoken sentences
indicating that the bride is now being legally and fully and
completely being transferred to the bridegroom as his wife,
the marriage is complete. The Kanyadaana is done. Kanya
is a virgin. Daana is being given. Kanyadaana is done by
Dhare (like potable water poured into the cupped palms of
a person to drink by sucking it into his mouth).
              They are all symbolic items and Acts in place of
written documents.
              Nowadays the marriage is incomplete if there is
no written agreement signed by both the bride and the
bridegroom.

              No one knows for sure what shape or form an ID
to indicate married status should be.
              The Mangal Sutra and Karimani are symbols of
married status.
              All Hindu women in the past wished to be
protected from lewd men by various means.
              The suttungal silver or other metal rings around
the second toe on each foot make sound and announce
that a married woman is approaching.
              An ankle chain may also do the same thing.
              A large red bindi used to be a signal of a Hindu
married woman but now it is losing significance because
converted Christian women are also wearing it.
              The Mangal Sutra and Karimani have changed
shapes and forms over the years. Selection of these must
be made depending upon who is going to look at them. In
America the diamond ring is the symbol of married status,
usually. I was wondering why my lady colleagues were very
excited by my beautiful diamond ring
              If a married woman lives in India or visits India
then it is enough if there are small round black beads all
along the necklace (about 60 of them) and any kind of
pendant.
              The pendant shown in the pictures is what is
known as 'Taali' in Kannada, which is more important for
most South Indian women than the Karimanis.

Essential parts of Mangalasutra:
Vaina Daar This signifies that the woman has performed
the Vaina Puja or Mangala Gowri Vrita or Gowri Puja.

Black beads where the two ends are tied.

Gold Box in the middle which alone by itself can form the
Thaali

Twelve corals are required the number is important since
less or more will not be correct. Size of the coral is not
important.

Essential part of Karimani is the Thaali which makes the
black bead necklace a Karimani. Without the Thaali the
necklace is only a necklace.
Vaina Daar This signifies that the woman has performed the
Vaina Puja or Mangala Gowri Vrita or Gowri Puja.
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The Mangal Sutra and Karimani have changed
shapes and forms over the years. Selection of
these must be made depending upon who is
going to look at them.
In America the diamond ring is the symbol of
married status, usually. I was wondering why my
lady colleagues were very excited by my
beautiful diamond ring
             If a married woman lives in India or
visits India then it is enough if there are small
round black beads all along the necklace (about
60 of them) and any kind of pendant.
Adyar Gopal and Radha Bai
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