|Elections and Our Voting Rights
|ELECTIONS AND OUR VOTING RIGHTS
By Mohan Shenoy
Every vote is counted while selecting the
winning candidate. If we are particular that a
certain party should form the next government
at the Center then we should go to the voting
booth and cast our vote to the candidate
belonging to that particular party. Adyar Gopal
Parivar requests the members to vote for the
candidate belonging to the party that they wish
comes to power in the next parliament.
The numbers are important in an
Election. The vote share is not important in
our voting system. The vote share of a party
may be bigger but it
may not have won the seats in proportion to its
There is a mathematical explanation for this. It
is not a fitful preference of the voters.
| In the above example you will see that
the winner got 29,000 votes against 71,000
that were cast against him or in preference for
other candidates. You can not consider any of
the other candidates as winners. You can
select only the winning candidate with only 29
percent of vote share as the choice of the
Our voting system represents true
democracy in a decentralized election
process. It is a liberal process to allow for
multiple parties, multiple view-points, and
multiple sources of political principles.
| Even then there are people who abstain
from voting because they are either not
interested or that they are unaware of the
consequences of their failure to vote.
In the past there were restrictions such as
the exclusion of women from voters’ list. At
one time only the tax-payers were included in
the voters’ list. At other times only those who
owned immovable property were permitted to
vote. In some countries only those belonging
to the religion of the state are allowed to vote.
In India at present all women who have
passed their 18th year of age are allowed to
vote and citizens who do not own any
immovable property are allowed to vote. No
one is excluded from the voters’ list on the
basis of their religious belief.
|The General Elections in India are scheduled
to be held in April and in May. A lot of money is
going to be spent for the Elections. It is a
gigantic exercise involving a large number of
security personnel and a big team of officials
that would man different places where voting is
held and votes are counted. The preparation
involves first the notification of Elections and
then receiving nominations of the candidates.
After the nominations are accepted, the voters
are asked to vote for the candidate of their
choice from among the accepted nominations,
on the voting days. The whole exercise lasts
only about 70 days and at the end, a body of
elected persons emerges.
Only the candidates that do not belong to any
party (Independents) are able to individually
support any party that wishes to form the next
government. The winning candidates that have
stood on the tickets given by the political
parties (Party members) are bound to support
the party that wishes to form the government.
Unless there is a simple majority which means
that there are more than half the total number
of members in a party, there will be need for
different parties to come together to put
together a simple majority to form a coalition
government. More than one party forms the
government in a coalition government. Any
number of parties can come together to form a
The voters are listed in the voters’ list. Only
those in the list are allowed to enter the voting
booths to cast their vote. Those citizens who
are under 18 years of age are not included in
the voters’ list.
If a citizen misses the election officials who
come to the homes to include him or her in the
voters’ list and then does not try to get his or
her name included in the voters’ list will also
not be able to vote. All others are theoretically
permitted to cast their vote in the Elections.
Yet, not all people whose names appear on
the voters’ list are able to vote since they might
not be present at the place of their voting
booths. Some of those that are physically
absent from the place of their voting booths
can cast their votes through postal ballots.
This is done provided the voter is a
government official or an army personnel
engaged in some kind of essential duty at the
place other than his voting booth location.
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