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Where is Gujarat?
MERA BHAARATH MAHAAN  There are 5,68,000 villages in India. There are
619 districts. India has 31 states and Union Territories, There are at least
1618 languages spoken in India of which Sanskrit is the solid base. Although
the International Linguists suggest that the Sanskrit language is a dead
language that is not true. Sanskrit is very much alive in India and among the
Hindus. The people are professing castes among the Hindus and there are
6400 different castes recognised. Hindus have at least six ethnic origins. At
least 29 festivals are celebrated all over India but many more are celebrated
exclusively in towns, districts and states. (source: Janardhan Bhat).
Video: Mapping India
(click map)
Gujarat is the name of one of the States in the Indian Union. It forms
the boundary with Pakistan on the westside along with Rajasthan,
Punjab and Jammu and Kashmir, but differs from them by having a
seashore all the way from Rann of Kutch to the northwest corner of the
State of Maharashtra. The important cities in the State of Gujarat are
Ahmedabad (Amdavad), Amreli, Bhuj, Dwarka, Jamnagar, Junagadh,
Navsari, Patan, Porbandar, Rajkot, Surat,  Surendranagar, Vadodara
and Valsad.
The heritage places are Prabhas Patan where Somnath temple is
situated; Dwarka where Lord Sri Krishna lived his last years of life and
where he was killed by a stray arrow from a hunting tribal; Palitana
where important Jain temples are located; Porbandar where Mahatma
Gandhi, the father of the Indian nation was born; Rajkot where Gandhi
grew up and also went to school; Amdavad where Sabarmati Ashram
is located (Gandhiji lived and ran his campaign against the British
Gandhinagar the new Capital of the State of Gujarat and
also where a big modern temple known as Akshardham is located.
In undivided India before 15 August 1947, the Sindh province formed
the western neighbour of Gujarat but separated by the marshy
inhospitable land known as the Rann of Kutch. The Rann is in India
and forms the western boundary of Gujarat and therefore of India. It is
like a large wide fence keeping away the marauders from the West.
OUR TOUR consisted of traveling by train from Bangalore to Ahmedabad.
bus. (GSRTC: Gujarat State Road Transport Corporation).
From Ahmedabad we went by GSRTC bus to Porpbandar.
OUR TOUR continued from Porbandar to Somnath by GSRTC bus. From Somnath we went to Dwarka by GSRTC
bus. From Dwarka we went to Bet Dwarka by GSRTC bus. From Bet Dwarka we went to the Temple Island by
boat. We returned from the Temple Island by boat and then visited by autorickshaw three other temples around
Dwarka, viz. Nageshwar Temple, Gopi Chandan Temple and Rukmini Temple.
From Dwarka we traveled to Jamnagar by GSRTC bus and further to Rajkot. From Rajkot we traveled to Palitana
by GSRTC bus. From Palitana we traveled to Vadodara by GSRTC bus. From Vadodara we traveled to
Ahmedabad by GSRTC bus. From Ahmedabad we returned to Bangalore by Spicejet flight. Our tour lasted for
eleven days in all. One can book bus tickets online at and train tickets at
Click on the picture to play video
1) Train Journey (inside train)
2) Train Journey (outside train)
3) Sabarmati Ashram at Ahmedabad
Click on the picture to play video
Gandhi Memorial Museum in Sabarmati
Gandhi Residence in Sabarmati Ashram(1)
Most of the Hindus are educated and rational people. The
participants in the Independence struggle were practically
all Hindus. There were a few Muslims among them. Most
of the Muslims who took part in the Independence
struggle migrated to Pakistan soon after partition of India.
The Constitution of India was authored by Hindus. They
passed the secular laws of India. They hold high ranks in
the armed forces. The silent majority acts off the limelight.
Their hand is unseen. They will do what is best for the
country. Their patriotism cannot be questioned.  They may
or may not believe in God, Ganesh, Gayathri or Ganga but
they are Hindus. They may not go to temples to worship
idols, or to Mandirs to perform Homa, but they are Hindus.
Their colour could be any. They could be red, green, blue,
or even saffron, but they cannot be branded in terms of
Saffron Brigade or Sangh Parivaar. They will uphold the
saffron colour in their religious rituals and processions.
They will uphold Hindutva of Hindu religion.
Right from the time British governments
were established in different parts of
India, the term Hindu was used to
describe the Indians that practiced Vedic
or Sanaathana Dharma. The
Government of independent India
accepted and adopted this name ‘Hindu’
for everyone regardless of his or her
caste. All the low caste people including
the untouchable groups were included in
the term Hindu. This is because the
deities such as Deva, Paramaatma,
Shiva, Shankara, Durga, Paarvathi, Most
of the Hindus in India are politically
independent in the sense that they do not
belong to any political party. They focus
their attitudes towards good
administration, maintenance of law and
order, provision of good food grains at
competitive prices, supply of electricity,
water and properly maintained high
class roads, affordable health care,
education, housing, etc. The list is
endless and contains everything
required for a happy life.
There are Hindus who do not belong to
RSS, Vishwa
Hindu Parishad, or the Bhajaranga Dal.
There are all castes
and creeds of Hindu people who are not
connected with
any so-called Saffron Brigade or the
Sangh Parivaar. But
still they are Hindus.       
For unknown reasons Hindus hesitate to
name their religion because of the
canard raised by the Media against the
word Hindu. The word Hindu and
Hindutva are unfortunately misinterpreted
to mean as belonging to only the
Bharatiya Janata Party and Sangh
Parivaar. No, Hindutva belongs to all
Hindus and to Hinduism.
Hindutva is not what the Media such as
the newspapers and TV channels
describe it. Hindutva is being Hindu. No
Hindu can escape the identity of his
Hindutva until he remains legally a Hindu.
A legal Hindu is the one whose religion
as entered in his birth certificate is Hindu
regardless of which caste he belongs to.
All the Braahmanas are without doubt
Hindus. All the Lingaayats, Goudas,
Vokkaligas, and other groups belong to
The SC or ST persons and all OBC
persons are Hindus and they occupy all
sorts of positions in the Central and
State Governments, in the Judiciary,
Legislature and Corporate. They are
there in the PSUs, Banks, Petrol Bunks,
etc. In fact they are everywhere. They may
not belong to any political party. They are
all Hindus. They are the silent majority.
This silent majority distributes its votes to
different parties during elections. It can
seat a political party or unseat it. The
communist parties have Hindus as
majority among their members.
The Bahujan Samaaj Party and most of
the other parties have Hindus as the
majority members. The Congress Party
is also majority Hindu party. They are all
non-saffron people, but they are Hindus.
Gandhi Residence in Sabarmati Ashram(2)
AGASHIYE, the authentic Gujarati Restaurant
4)Agashiye Restaurant
5) Bus ride from Ahmedabad to Gandhinagar
6) Bus ride from Jetpur to Porbandar
This is the entrance to Akshardham temple in Gandhinagar.
Nothing can be carried inside the campus except money
purse. Mondy is holiday and the temple is closed on Mondays.
Cameras and Cell phones are not allowed inside the campus.
There is a professional photographer inside in front of the
temple structure, who will take pictures for a fee (Rs. 60 on
1-12-2012). The above picture was scanned from such a
photo taken for us.
No one can miss Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel in Gujarat because his name is well known there and all of
India and because he was a saviour of the downtrodden and distressed public in Gujarat and in the rest of
India during the British rule before 15 August 1947, and after Independence as the Deputy Prime Minister
and Home Minister of the Government of India in Delhi. Narendra Modi the chief minister of Gujarat has
taken the Sardar Patel as the icon of development, social justice and communal harmony during the BJP
rule in the state although Sardar Patel belonged to Congress. The Sardar belonged to Congress but he
like many Congressmen worked for the revival of heritage in Gujarat. Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel was very
much responsible for the restoration of the Somnath Mandir in Prabhas Patan south of Veraval on the
coast of Gujarat soon after India gained Independence. The new Somnath temple construction was started
by the Sardar but unfortunately he died before the construction was completed.
The people of Gujarat were the most impoverished until recently because of exploitation by unscrupulous
administrations throughout history. Because the culture of Gujarat taught tolerance and non-violence, the
cruel war-lords made the most by plundering Gujarat bare to its skin and bones. Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel
championed the cause of the population of Gujarat and said enough is enough' now we must move
forward with democracy, human rights and reservation for the backward people, and reversed the trend of
neglect and ignorance. Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel is called the Iron Man of India from Gujarat.
7) Porbandar - Chowpatty Beach (1)
8) Porbandar - Chowpatty Beach (2)
9) Two Mandirs (Temples) in Porbandar
10) Entrance of Somnath Temple
Entrance to Somnath Temple in Prabhas Patan
11)Somnath Prabhas Patan Busstand Building
12) GSRTC Bus Travel Somnath to Dwarka
13) Rural Bus Stand on the way to Dwarka
14)Porbandar Busstand on way to Dwarka
Image from Gandhi Memorial Museum Sabarmati Ashram
15) Bet Dwarka
Gujarat is Famous for Fine Textiles
16) Nageshwar
17) Rajkot
Gopi Talav (Lake) Temple Complex Okha
Entrance to Guest House Complex
Rukmini Temple Near Dwarka
18) Palitana
Big Jain Mandir in Palitana
19) Palitana Skies
Citizens of Bet Dwarka
Civilian Structures in Chowpati Beach Porbandar
Anti-erosion Structures in Chowpati Beach
Cows are sacred and worshipped in Dwarka
Clock Tower in Jamnagar
Iskcon Gate in Dwarka
Some more pictures of Gujarat
Temple entrance in Palitana
Early morning view from hotel balcony, Jamnagar
Footwear and other articles are deposited here before
entering the temple in Somnath
Library located upstairs in Kirti Mandir Porbandar
Wind Mills along the coast of Gujarat, Veraval to Porbandar
Mohan in the garden at Agashiye Restaurant Ahmedabad
Parrots fly around freely in Palitana rivaling doves
elsewhere. A parrot on the window sill of the guest house.
After visiting many Mandirs on the street level one can
climb about 600 steps to the main temple on the hill in
Sudama Mandir in Porbandar
20) Courtyard of a temple in Palitana
Toll booth near Jetpur
An abandoned Tower in Veraval town
All the photographs and videos are produced and
authored by Mohan Shenoy. For feedback please click on
Horse drawn Coach in Palitana
Most of the Hindus are
educated and rational
people. The participants in
the Independence
struggle were practically
all Hindus.
Gujarat state is a melting pot where
humans belonging to all races came and
intermarried creating a diverse
population. However, everyone learnt the
local language Gujarati and adopted the
mild peace-loving manners of Hinduism.
Even the most cruel Muslim rulers
softened their stand when the Gujarat
Hindu declared that "I will not kill you but
if you wish you can shed my blood here
and now." Such was the upbringing
which made many sons and daughters
of the land of Gujarat lead not only their
state but also India.
Of the history we know, the earliest
instance was when Lord Krishna
pardoned the tribal hunter who shot the
lethal arrow into his (Krishna's) foot. The
tribal hunter is said to have mistook the
moving figure in the bushes to be a wild
animal. Subsequently there have been
many astonishing stories of heroic
sacrifices for culture, language and
Swami Dayanand Saraswathi was born in Morvi district of
Gujarat and he as a young teenager discovered that idol of
Shiva was not shooing away the rats which defiled the
deity. The rats defecated freely over the idol and made
merry with the ample food kept nearby as the offering.
Later the boy Mulshankar became the Swami.
It was on a Shivarathri night that the Hindu reformer Swami
Dayanand Saraswathi was struck with a doubt in his mind
as to the capacities of Lord Shiva in the form of Linga.
Mulshankar was 10 years of age, when he stoically
followed the reprimand of his father that he should fast on
Shivarathri and perform Jappa (Meditation). As he was
doing Jappa he saw many rats run all over the Shiva Linga
and eat the various food items and other stuff kept nearby.
The rats were dropping their feces as they moved on the
Shiva Linga. He wondered if Shiva was as strong and
powerful as he was said to be, in the Puraanas, then how
come he tolerated the defiling by these rats. Then and
there he determined to study Hinduism in depth and learn
everything about God and Nature. He later established a
society of Hindus by the name of Arya Samaaj. People who
join Arya Samaaj do not believe in Idol-worship.
Gandhi's revolutionary method was non-violent, which is
why there was no armed struggle in India during its fight
for Independence from the British rule. Mohandas Karam
Chand Gandhi was a religious man. He had come in
contact with very few Muslims during his lifetime. It is a fact
that we deal with others on our own terms. Mahatma
Gandhi dealt with staunch Hindu but not a fanatic. He
believed in all the morals of Hinduism including
truthfulness, belief in Lord Raama, and other Hindu gods,
and non-violence. He opposed slaughter of cows for meat.
He had compassion for poor people and downtrodden like
the Daliths. He hated untouchability being practiced in
Mahatma Gandhi wanted to abolish child marriage
completely. He was progressive looking in adopting
inventions in science, medicine and other fields.
Mohandas Karam Chand Gandhi was respectful of
women and supported education for women. His wife
Kasturba was of the same age, as Mohandas and she
remained a faithful Hindu wife to him. She died in 1944
that is about 4 years earlier than Mohandas.
Mahatma Gandhi was a messiah of peace
and wanted the Hindus to refrain from
reacting to the carnage committed against
them either in Pakistan or in India. This led to
severe hatred for him among Hindus. Some
hard-liners among Hindus decided that the
only way now to stop Hindus being sidelined
is to finish the Mahatma. On the 30th January
1948, about 5 months after he was
successful in his life’s mission of making
India independent from foreign rule, the
Mahatma was shot and killed by Nathuram
Godse, a Hindu born in Maharashtra state.
The Mahatma was 79 when he died.
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