Adyar Gopal Parivar

          Lord Hanumantha belongs to the Vaanara community of peninsular India. He was the
chief of the Vaanara Army organised by the Vaanara King Sugriva.  Hanumantha was born
on the Full Moon Day (Poornima) of Shukla Paksha of the Chaithra month, as per the
Chaandramaana Calendar (Calendar based on the movements of the Moon).
Learn More about Hindu Calendar                          

 The birth anniversary of Lord Hanumantha is celebrated by Hindus of all castes and
subcastes every year.                 
               There are many temples dedicated to Lord Hanumantha in India and abroad.
Lord Raama's portrait in which Hanumantha sitting at the feet of the Lord, is very popular
and found in almost every house of Hindus. This portrait or a similar sculpture is garlanded
on the Hanumanth Jayanthi Day. A special worship called Puja is performed to
Hanumantha by decorating the portrait with flowers, raising Aarathi to the accompaniment
of Jaagate-beating and blowing Shankha , offering Naivedya, and ending with Sastanga
namaskara at an appointed hour on this day in every Hanumantha Temple or in every
home where there is a portrait or sculpture of Lord Hanumantha.
           During the Vanavaasa of Raama, Lankan King Raavana kidnapped Seetha and
took her to his palace in Lanka. Seetha was imprisoned in the Ashoka Vana in the palace
premises and she was persuaded by multiple means by Raavana to marry him. She
rejected the evil King's demands and waited for her husband to come and free her from
captivity. Lord Raama fought a prolonged war with the Lankan King Raavana to free
Seetha from captivity.
               Hanuman became deified because he took part with Raama in his war to free
Seetha. Hanumantha (alias Hanumantha) is worshipped as a God by Hindus and his
birthday known as Hanuman Jayanthi is observed as a festival. Hanuman, Lakshman, the
king of monkeys Sugriva and many others helped Raama in his war with Raavana and
therefore they are also worshipped. However, Sugriva is not clubbed with Raama because
his efforts in the war was limited and localised. Hanuman accompanied Raama when the
latter returned to the capital Ayodhya after his triumph in the war. Hanuman was given a
respectable position in the court of Raama after he occupied the throne in Ayodhya.
                Hanuman was the great monkey faced warrior who helped Raama find his wife
Sita in the kingdom of Raavana. The utility of temples for God Hanuman is their effect on
young people. God Hanuman represents valour, courage, bodybuilding, sexual continence,
and obedience. His role in the Kishkindha segment of Raamaayana portrays him as a
strong, fearless and obedient servant of Sugriva as well as his friend and benefactor
Raama. God Hanuman who happened to live during Raama's lifetime, did feats which are
super-human, like crossing the sea between India and Sri Lanka, exploring Raavana's
capital and burning it down single-handed and fighting fiercely throughout the war between
Raavana and Raama. Another name for Hanuman is Maruthi.
                 If all young people would emulate the qualities of Hanuman then half of the
population would be living in assured supply of honest service. Where do we find a young
man today who would fully dedicate his body, mind and life for the welfare of his employer?
Where do we find a son who will listen to his father's advice on various matters concerning
his career, education, marriage, travel and habits? If all young people go to the temple of
Hanuman and pray him to grant them his virtues and then try to become like Hanuman in
obedience to the master, in bravery and in honesty then there is certainly a lot of utility in
making temples attractive. A very large proportion of Hindus today have accepted
Hanuman as their personal god and worship him daily with flowers, scented sandalwood
paste, bananas, coconut, and aarathi. They keep the portrait or an idol of Hanuman in their
god-room (a small temple within the house) and pray the god to grant them strength and
courage to carry on their day-to-day activities of study, of job or of business. There are
huge portraits of Hanuman in physical education rooms, gymnasiums, sports offices, and
Yoga classrooms.
             Hanuman was born to Kesari and Anjanadevi on the Full Moon day of the first
fortnight in the month of Chaithra. But this day differs in relation to the common calendar
from year to year. Hanuman is a very popular personal god and therefore it is wise to
denote a festival holiday for him on his birthday.
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Festival of Hanumantha Jayanthi
By Mohan Shenoy
Hanumantha Jayanthi
By Mohan Shenoy
Adyar Gopal and Radha Bai
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