Adyar Gopal Parivar
News Items published on this website in the past
News for the month of April 2008 (III)

What is democracy?

Democracy is collective leadership of the communities. Democracy
settles differences amicably. Democracy gives voting rights to all so that
everyone can put their view on the table for discussion. This is good
and acceptable to all. But it has to be done in a systematic way. There
are different ways democracy is practiced in different countries around
the world. How does a community go about selecting the leader?
The next immediate election is being held in Karnataka and we the
Gowda Saraswath Brahmin (GSBs) community are involved. There is a
large population of GSBs in Karnataka. It is necessary for the people of
any state to vote for their preferences so that they will not be left behind
when choices are made with regards to rules and laws, arrangements
for finance, budgeting, taxes, land and rent regulations, etc. There are
many parties and many candidates standing for election. The members
of GSB community have to chose from these parties and candidates to
vote. By voting for their choices they might be able to elect their
preferred party or leader.
The parties can be classified as national parties and regional parties.
Then the party fields the candidates to stand for election of the leader
of the community, town municipality, state assembly, parliament, etc. All
this is written down in different laws that are formulated in the
democratic country.A democratic country also has what is known as a
Constitution. The constitution is a written document of principles of
governance, rights of the citizens, eligibility for citizenship, etc. This
document tells us how to manage and administer the country's
finances, business, defence, borders. supplies, demands, etc.
India is such a democratic country and India gained independence on
the 15th August, 1947. Since then India has been holding elections
again and again, ad libidum. Since India is a vast country with more
than 24 states and many centrally administered territories, there have
to be elections to all the little bodies, like panchayats, taluqs, districts,
state assemblies, etc.
The national parties are the ones who can set their governments in
many states and also in the centre. A regional party can not get elected
to govern the country because the number of parliament members it
can get elected can not be sufficient to form a government. To form a
government at the centre there is need for a simple majority of
members agreeing with a common minimum administrative set of rules
and policies. It is preferable to elect a national party to lead in the state
so that it can influence the decisions more substantially than a regional
party in the national circles. If the people of the state are less mindful of
the integrity and sovereignty of the nation then regional parties come to
the fore and national parties are rejected. But India can not be broken
down so easily like the Soviet Union broke down into many smaller
independent nations. Therefore for the sake of the unity of the people
and to obtain a more forceful democratic set up it is preferable that the
national parties are voted to power in the states as well.
Then it is important that the local leader of a national party is fit to be
elected. He or she is fit to be elected if he or she has concern and
capacity to work for the welfare of the local people and area. If the
candidate is an absent legislator then the needs of the local people will
not be met effectively. These concerns of the people have to be
addressed by the leaders of the national party and they should select
candidates to stand for election from among the best. The candidate
should be sufficiently concerned about the local issues as well as the
national problems. The candidates should undergo training and
counselling in these matters so that they become aware of their duties
and demands of their constituents.
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