Karnaataka Rajyotsava, Birth of State of Karnaataka in Indian Union
By Mohan Shenoy
The festival 'Karnaataka Raajyotsava' is a state festival.
This festival is observed only by Kannada speaking
populace where ever they live. It is a festival observed
every year since 1956. It is a festival of recent origin, and
mainly a political festival. Its celebration is not confined to
any particular religion or personality. In fact the government
of Karnataka takes pride in celebrating it because it is the
day of birth of the new Karnataka state for all Kannada
speaking people.
     The festival is financed by the state government. Crores of rupees (a
crore is equal to 10 million) are spent on the occasion. The day is
declared as a public holiday. It is the first of November every year based
on the common calendar and not based on the Hindu calendar.

  The religious festivals are held on the dates selected based on the
religious calendar so that they occur on different dates in any year. The
workers are entitled to a leave day for this festival by the National and
Festival Holidays Act.
Now the Kannadigas living in Kasargod district are a very disappointed
lot but they have reconciled to the fate of being in Kerala. There are no
agitations by the people in Kasargod for inclusion into Karnataka,
because the Karnataka government is not encouraging such agitations.
But the Maharashtra state which was also formed for the Marathi
speaking people incites the Marathi(s) in Belgaum district to launch
agitations to demand the excision of Belgaum district from Karnataka and
inclusion in the Maharashtra state. In fact there are very substantial
number of Kannada speaking people in the Kolhapur, Sangli, Solapur
and Dharashiv districts that are included in Maharashtra state at the time
of reorganization of the state in India on linguistic reasons.
  Konkani is the language spoken by Gowda Saraswath Brahmins to which the members of Adyar Gopal Parivar
belong. There are Christians in Karnataka concentrated in the coastal regions and they speak Konkani with the
original accent. Their Konkani resembles that spoken in Goa. The Konkani spoken by Gowda Saraswath
Brahmins differs substantially from that spoken by the Christians. Also the Konkani of GSBs around Mangalore in
South Kanara is slightly different from that spoken by the GSBs living in North Kanara around Karwar town. The
Muslims living around the Bhatkal town are known as the Navaayat(s) and they speak Konkani at home having a
number of words borrowed from the Arabic and Persian languages. Muslims elsewhere in Karnataka speak at
home, a kind of Hindi language which may be a dialect .
The present administration of the sovereign state known as Republic of
India has drawn out many states to decentralize the governance. The
states are further divided into districts; each district has a number of
taluks and each taluk has a number of gramas (villages). There are thirty
districts in the state of Karnataka. Bangalore Urban, Bangalore Rural,
Belgaum, Bellary, Bidar, Bijapur, Bagalkot, Chamrajnagar, Chickmagalur,
Chickballapur, Chitradurga, Dakshina Kannada, Davangere, Dharwar,
Gadag, Gulbarga, Haveri, Hassan, Kodagu, Kolar, Koppal, Mandya,
Mysore, Ramnagar, Raichur, Shivamogga, Tumkur, Udupi, Uttara
Kannada and Yadagiri.
The land that is now demarkated as Karnataka is part of the Indian
peninsula. It is not really an isthmus or a neck of land but a broad tail
extending from the body above to a narrower territory tapering into a
cape at Kanyakumari. This broad tail of India is artificially divided into
many states: Kerala on the west coast and Tamil Nadu on the east coast
form the lower part. Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra and Gujarath on the
west coast and Andhra Pradesh and Orissa on the east coast form the
rest of this peninsular India. Above the states of Andhra Pradesh and
Maharashtra the state of Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgadh and Jharkhand
form the inland territories.
This southern land often referred to as South India has the Arabian sea
in the west and the Bay of Bengal on the east. The two seas are
continuous with a very vast salt-water body known as the Indian Ocean.
The island country now known as Sri Lanka was also a British colony
before. It is close to the eastern coast of Tamil Nadu and historically and
culturally connected to the Indian peninsula.
According to ancient Indian literature this universe has a total life span
known as the Kalpa. One Kalpa has the beginning and the end of the life
span of a creation which we call the universe. A new Kalpa begins when
a new universe is created. A Kalpa is such a long time that our human
mind can not configure it fully. Therefore a Kalpa is further divided into
many Manvantara(s). One Manvantara is further divided into
Yugantara(s). Each Yugantara is divided into four Yuga(s). The first of
these Yuga(s) is called Kretha and spreads over 17,28,000 calendar
years. The second Yuga is called Thretha and spreads over 12,96,000
calendar years. The third Yuga is known as the Dwaapara and extends  
over 8,64,000 calendar years. The fourth is known as Kali and spreads
over 4,32,000 calendar years. Considering that this earth was a part of
the universe in the beginning and imagining that the earth was too hot
then, one can deduce that life began to appear on the earth after many
years a Kalpa had begun. Approximately half of a Kalpa was spent in
getting the earth hospitable for any life.
Our knowledge of evolution of life on earth is limited and we can only
write stories based on what we saw, what we heard, what we read in the
literature and what we think is most likely. It is most likely that at the
beginning of the current Yuga viz. Kali Yuga which has completed 5,110
years (out of the total 4,32,000 years), already had people living in
civilized communities on this land known as India. After painstaking
research and some imagination it has been accepted generally that
Romans and Greeks had contacts with India around 400 B.C. The
historians do not have any records of activities of people on earth prior to
the time of Harappa and Mohenjodaro civilizations. The historians are
reluctant to accept what is written in the Epics like Raamaayana and
Mahaabhaaratha and in the periods the stories of Raama and Krishna
actually took place. Even the discoveries of pillars and idols which can
be connected theoretically with the legends of Raamaayana and
Mahaabhaaratha in many parts of southern India have not convinced the
historians. If we accept the theory that Raama lived in the Thretha yuga
then the story of Raamaayana occurred at least prior to Dwaapara which
is 8,64,000 years ago. If we accept that Krishna lived in the Dwaapara
yuga then Mahaabharatha occurred at least 5110 years ago.
   The birth of Jesus Christ during the Roman civilization is accepted by
the historians. The birth of Gauthama Buddha and of Jain Mahaaveer
are accepted without much question. Both Buddha and Mahaaveera
lived about 400 years before the birth of Jesus. The length of a year
was fixed based upon the lunar and solar movements, and fairly
accurate calculations of the time past was made by people in every
continent. The current year is 2,537 years after Mahaaveer, 2,066 years
after Vikram, 2010 years after Christ, 1,932 years after Shaalivaahana
and 1,432 years after Hijari (Muslim calendar).
       
COORG-->
             Indian land mass was known by the name of Jamboo Dweepa
(dweepa=island in Sanskrit) and the nation as Bharatvarsha. There were
natural calamities like floods and droughts, earthquakes and hurricanes
that made life difficult for the inhabitants. In addition there were wars
between the feudal lords resulting in mass killings, looting and arson.
These events lead to migration of the population from one place to
another. Migration lead to changes in life patterns, inter-race marriages
and often improvement in living conditions. There was distribution of
knowledge and wealth. The migration of people living around the river
Saraswathi parallel to the river Sindhu resulted in movement of people
towards the eastern plains beyond river Ganga. Communities moved from
Kashmir to Pataliputra to Vanga and beyond. Many communities moved
south to Vindhya mountains and beyond. Thick forests and wide rivers
hindered their movement and often they stopped at the approach of a
river or a lake and set up their camps on the banks of the water bodies.
Population was subject to diseases, epidemics and starvation by lack of
proper distribution of produce as there were no good roads or transport
vehicles. Often there was negative population balance because of
increase in deaths as against births. Yet the civilization was dynamic and
constantly sought better ways and means to improve the living
conditions. Arts and crafts, music and drama, prose and poetry and
construction of palaces, temples, roads, roadside resting places, water
and food supply for pilgrims etc. were constantly being improved. The
land now known as Karnataka did not lag behind in these human
endeavours. Kings and emperors always wished to conquer this land and
hoped to become rich and glamorous.
     
MYSORE
KINGDOM
MADRAS
PROVINCE
CEYLON-->
BAY

OF

BENGAL
GOA-->
MAP OF SOUTH INDIA 1947
TRAVANCORE
COCHIN-->
ARABIAN SEA
CEYLON-->
TRAVANCORE
COCHIN-->
MADRAS
PROVINCE
COORG-->
MYSORE
KINGDOM
GOA-->
MAP OF SOUTH INDIA 1947
     In 1198 A.D., the Seuna kings took over the reign of the land and ruled
until 1318 A.D. Then came the Hoysala kings, followed by Vijayanagar
dynasty and then Muslim Bahamani kings ruled this land. It was in 1327
A.D. the Delhi Sultan Mohammad Bin Tuglak sent his army to south
India. He defeated the Seuna kings in the western sector and the
Kakathiya kings in the eastern sector to establish Muslim rule in south
India for the first time.

(to be continued)
Chalukya kings drove away the Shathavahana army and ruled till 757
A.D. Later in 757 A.D. Rashtrakoota kings took over this region and ruled
till 973 A.D. Another family line of Chalukya kings known as Kalyana
Chalukya dynasty ruled this region of present Karnataka from 973 to
1198 A.D. There is enormous evidence to show how civilized and decent
were the people of this period in terms of literature, music, science,
civilian administration and agriculture, etc.
In 300 A.D the Maurya empire was established here. Maurya rule
continued till 700 A.D. But the local chieftains prominant among whom
was the Kadamba king and other royal pretenders continued to stake
claim for large portions of revenue for themselves while sending token
gifts and mementos to the emperor Maurya right from the beginning.
Those subordinate kings who did not send annual contributions to the
emperor had to defend their territories from invading armies of
neighbouring kings. Often the emperor himself would send his army to
defeat the offending vassal and replace him with a more obedient person
from among the community. Usually there was preference for those who
were born in the former royal families to be chosen for coronation.
Warriors belonging to the Chalukya dynasty conquered the territories in
the eastern regions in 500 A.D.
    During the eighth century there was great upheaval in India by the
invasion by Shathavahana dynasty who conquered most of India and also
the territories of present Karnataka. Kadamba kings and Ganga kings
continued their subordination to Shathavahana emperor.
At the time Christ was born the land now known as Karnataka was ruled
by Maharathi dynasty within the Nanda empire. Nanda dynasty ruled this
region until 300 A.D. For some reason Maharathi rule was replaced by
Chuthu dynasty in 200 A.D., still under the Nanda emperor.
The excavations have proved and literature has revealed that St.
Thomas, a disciple of Christ arrived in India about 40 years after
crucifixion of Jesus, reaching Malabar coast by sea. There was no
Karnataka demarkated in those days in the present shape. Kerala, Tamil
Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh,
Chattisgadh and Jharkhand were all merged but divided into a number of
small cluster of villages named after the number of units. Each unit was
spread along the water body such as the river or the lake. Water
availability determined the existence of people and their grouping. There
were fights for land, water and women. The boundaries of habitat
clusters were determined on the similarity and commonality of physical
appearance, language, knowledge, dress and food preferences. Those
people who spoke the same language, ate similar food, appeared alike in
physical appearance and covered their body with identical materials and
extent lived together in communities.
English is the language of the educated class and it happens to be the language used by the Central government
offices besides Hindi. English is also used as a second language in the state government offices and in the
Karnataka Judiciary. When people wish to communicate with a stranger the English language comes handy for
those who know it. Especially the people who visit Karnataka for either pleasure or business use English for
communication. Hindi replaces English when the visitor is from northern states, northeastern states and
northwestern states.
The state of Coorg was a separate state ruled by the British and later merged with the Indian Union in 1947, until
it was merged with the new Karnataka State. The people of Coorg are called Coorgi(s). Coorg was a word coined
by the British for Kodagu. The official name for Coorg is now Kodagu. Kodagu people have their own language
with many words from Malayalam and Tulu languages. The language of Kodava people is called the Kodava
language. There are naturally many words borrowed from Kannada, Hindi, Persian and English in Kodava.
Kodava(s) are descendants of warriors and their traditional dress includes a sword that signifies their combatants'
profiles. Kodagu is a hilly region and has a salubrious weather. Large tracts of Kodagu are dense forests with
varieties of flora and fauna. Their religion is a very ancient religion worshipping Hindu deities as well as Bhootha
deities.
There is a very original language known as Tulu spoken by a large
section of people in and around Mangalore. There is a variety of Tulu
which may be its dialect spoken by people belonging to the Haivika sect.
Haivika(s) live in the Uttara (North) Kannada (Kanara) district. There is a
variety of Kannada spoken by the natives of Kundapur taluk. Kannada
spoken by the North Karnataka region differs in tone and style from the
Kannada spoken by the Mysore inhabitants. Kannada spoken by the
people of South and North Kanara districts is called the book Kannada
because  they learnt to read and write Kannada in the schools. Their
mother tongue is a language other than Kannada. Those people who
speak Kannada at home speak the language in the perfect tone and
style. However the formal Kannada used in the Newspapers and text
books is the same in all the regions.
The state of Karnataka has many other languages spoken by its people apart from Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi,
Tamil and Telugu. Kannada is the official language used in the government offices but Malayalam is spoken in the
regions bordering Kerala; Marathi in the regions bordering Maharashtra, Tamil in the regions bordering Tamil Nadu
state and Telugu in the regions bordering Andhra Pradesh.
When India gained Independence in 1947, the Kannada speaking people had been distributed in different political
regions.

There was Mysore Kingdom ruled by the Maharajah of Mysore. There were Kasargod district and  North and South
Kanara districts ruled by the British as part of Madras Presidency. There was Belgaum and Dharwad districts ruled
by the British as part of Bombay Presidency. Bidar, Gulbarga, Bijapur, Raichur and Bellary  districts formed part of
the Hyderabad Kingdom ruled by the Nizam.

After Independence the demand of the Kannada people to create a new state for themselves was met soon after
Andhra Pradesh was created for Telugu speaking people. Since Hyderabad Kingdom was to be broken up to
exclude regions populated by people speaking other languages, and include only the regions populated by Telugu
speaking people in the new  Andhra Pradesh, the regions with majority of Kannadiga(s) within Hyderabad Kingdom
had to be placed in a separate new state.

Creation of Andhra Pradesh became a handy tool for Kannadigas to demand Bidar, Gulbarga, Bijapur, Raichur and
Bellary districts of the Hyderabad Kingdom with Kannadiga majority to be placed in a new state. The Mysore
Kingdom naturally got a primary place in the new Kannada state. Dharwad district and the North and South Kanara
districts were undisputed Kannada territories.

But Kasargod which has both Kannada and Malayalam speaking people in almost equal proportions went to the
newly formed Kerala state for Malayalees. Belgaum district which also had Marathi speaking people in substantial
numbers went to Karnataka after a commission set up by the Central Government, the Mahajan Commission
recommended it so. Mahajan Commission also recommended that Kasargod should go to Kerala.
After the Indian states were reorganised in 1956, the
princely state of Mysore got many large tracts of land from
the erstwhile Madras, Bombay and Hyderabad states and
the whole of Coorg state added to it to form the state of
Mysore. In 1973, the Kannada language enthusiasts from
non-Mysore regions succeeded in renaming the state as the
state of Karnataka.
Adyar Gopal Parivar
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By Mohan Shenoy
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Karnaataka Folk Music and Dance
01. Kolata is the name of a popular folk dance.

02. Hutthari Habba dance is popular in Kodagu
(Coorg) District.

03. Kambala is a folk sports played in the districts of
Dakshina Kannada and Udupi.

04. Nagashri by Gundmi Kalinga Navada was a
Yakshagana that was staged in over 3000 places.

05.  The Hoysala queen Shanthala was given the
title Natya Saraswathi.

06. Balappa Hukkeri is known as the 'Saavira
Haadina Saradaara.' (thousand song soldier.)

07. Kogga Kamath won the prestigious Tuli award
from the Madhya Pradesh state government for his
play 'Yakshagaana Bombeyaata'.

08. The National Yakshagaana Training Center is
in Udupi town.

09. The first winner of the 'Kanaka-Purandar award
was Thitte Krishnayyangar.
Karnaataka Tourist Destinations
01. Dashing Kaashi is the name given to Gokarna
situated in Kumata Taluk of Uttara Kannada District.

02. Murdeshwara is the tourist destination for visiting
Bheema Thirtha, Kaaka Thirtha and Jatayu Thirtha. It is
also one of the most revered Shiva sites along the
National Highway no. 17.

03. Om Beach is one among many beaches in Gokarna
town.

04. The Nandi Hills resort is 4851 feet above sea level
(1479 meters).

05. A 52-feet tall (16 meters) pillar is located in
Somanatha Basadi in Karkala town.

06. Ihole was an ancient temple town where a Vishnu
Temple was converted into a Muslim Prayer hall named
as Lade Khan Mandir.

07. 'Dhyana Loka' was established in Mysore by C. D.
Narasimhaiah.

08. The Saint Mary Island off Malpe sea shore has
stalactite pillars.

09. The gigantic monolithic sculpture of Bahubali
located in Dharmasthala was carved out of a single
granite stone by the famous sculptor Ranjal Gopal
Shenoy. It is 39 feet tall (11.9 meters).

10. Meena Bazaar is an exclusive market for women
managed during the Khwaja Bande Nawaz Urs in
Kalburgi.

11. Harangi National Park is in the Kodagu district.

12. In Hombuja town of Shivamogga district there is
located a famous Jain Math.

13. The only planetarium of Karnaataka is in the city of
Bangalore. It is the Jawaharlal Nehru Planetarium.

14. It is Hunagunda Taluk that the world famous ancient
historical sites such as Badami, Ihole and Pattadakal
are located.

15. The religious pilgrimage center known as Baba
Budan Giri of Muslims and also as Dattatreya Piitha of
Hindus is located on a hill 6214 feet high (1894 meters)
in Chikmagalur district.

16. Mahatma Gandhi was highly impressed by the
prosperous Sandoor area and called this place the
Oasis of Ballary.

17. The famous temple Kukke Subrahmanya is located
in the valley between Kumara Hills and Shesha Hills.

18. The famous bird sanctuary Gudavi is in Soraba
Taluk of Shivamogga district.

19. Madikeri town in Kodagu district is as beautiful as
Kashmir and therefore it is known as the Kashmir of the
South.

20. The cliff known as the Tippu Drop on the Nandi
Hills was used to push convicts to death during the
reign of Tippu Sultan.

21. The Madhu Giri mountain in Tumkur district is one
big granite stone. It is the largest such mountain in the
whole of Asia.

22. The tourist spot 'Raja Seatu' in Madikeri town of
Kodagu district was where the royal families came to
enjoy the beauty of nature viewed from atop a hill. It is a
garden of beauty.

23. 'Savana Durga' hill resort situated 61 kilometers
from Bangalore city is a tourist spot with two points viz.
Kari Ghatta (black hillock) and Bili Ghatta (white hillock).

24. Kaivara is a village in Kolar district where learning
and teaching was in Kannada medium during the
ancient period of Mahabharatha and the name of this
place was Ekachakrapura.

25. The Annapoorneshwari Temple is in the Horanaadu
village situated 90 kilometers from Chikmagalur town.

26. The famous dam and reservoir known as Krishna
Raja Sagara is located in Mandya district.

27. The town named Mosale is located in Hassan
district.

28. The famous Das Ashram known as Vishwa Shanthi
Ashram is located in Nelamangala village near
Bangalore city.

29. The Chamarajendra Zoo in Mysore was established
almost a century ago.

30. The tallest Roman Catholic Church in India is the
St. Philomena Cathedral situated in Mysore.
History of Karnaataka
01. Tippu Sultan is known as the Mysore Tiger.

02. Beda people of Halagali fought with the British for
independence.

03. Kings belonging to the Rashtrakoota dynasty
defeated the Badami Chalukya kings ending their long
rule in Karnaataka.

04. Kittur Queen Chennamma died in captivity in Baila
Hongala jail on 30th February, 1830.

05. Hyderali was the first Indian to have defeated the
British army in a battle

06. The ancient name of Hale Bidu was Doara Samudra.

07. Only place where the ashes of Mahatma Gandhi are
kept in Karnataka state is Madikeri town in Kodagu
district.

08. Vidurashwattha was a village where the British
forces gunned down several freedom fighters and came
to be known as the 'Jalian Wala Baug' of the South.

09. Chalukya dynasty of Badami was founded by king
Jayasimha.

10. The powerful Indian emperor Harsha Vardhana had
to suffer a defeat at the hands of a Karnaataka king,
Pulakeshi II of the Chalukya dynasty.

11. The Vijayanagara king Krishna Devaraya was given
the title 'Kannada Raja Ramaa Ramana' for his love for
Kannada language. He belonged to the Tuluva dynasty.

12. The army of Queen Chennamma of Keladi dynasty
had once defeated the army of Moghal Emperor
Aurangazeb.

13. The district headquarters town Beedar had once
been the capital of Bahamani Sultans.

14. Hodigere village in Shivamogga district is the place
where Shahji, the father of Chatrapathi Shivaji Maharaj
had died following his fall from his horse.

15. Gangadhar Rao Deshpande was given the title
'Karnaataka Kesari' for having taken part in the Freedom
struggle vociferously.

16. Mahatma Gandhi found the Mysore king Krishna
Raja Wodeyar IV a very broad-minded Royal giving
attention to the welfare of his subjects and therefore
gave the title 'Rajarshi' to the king.

17. The ancient capital of the kingdom of the Rashtra
Koota kings was known as Malakheda and it was built
on the banks of River Kagina.

18. Tonnoor town in Mandya district was a subcapital of
the Hoysala kingdom.

19. Hyderali and Tippu Sultan had used the rockets to
fire at the enemy forces.

20. Belavadi Mallamma was felicitated by Chatrpathi
Shivaji Maharaj as Kannada Queen.

21. Kolar town was known as Kamalapura during the
reign of Kadamba kings who made it the capital of their
kingdom.

22. The Vijayanagara capital Hampi was destroyed after
defeat in the Rakkasathangadi battle in 1565 A.D.

23. Founder of Kadamba dynasty King Mayurasharma is
also regarded as the creator of Kannada Kingdom with
the title 'Karnaatakada Janaka'.

24. The Mysore King Jayachamarajendra Wodeyar was
the last ruler in the state after the princely states were
abolished.

25. Shivappa Nayaka of Keladi ruled his kingdom from
1645 to 1660 A. D.

26. After the Indian states were reorganised in 1956,
under the States Reorganization Act of 1956 passed by
the then Parliament,  the erstwhile princely state of
Mysore got many large tracts of land from the erstwhile
Madras, Bombay and Hyderabad states and the whole
of Coorg added to it to form the state of New Mysore on
1st November 1956.
In 1973, the Kannada language enthusiasts succeeded
in renaming the state as the state of Karnaataka on 1st
November of that year.
POINTS TO PONDER
Karnaataka Literature
01. Raama Dhyaana Charithe is the Kannada language
book telling us about Raagi (Millet) and Bhattha (Paddy)
composed by Kanaka Daasa along with another poem
Mohana Tarangini..

02. Akka Mahadevi was the first composer of Vachana
poems.

03. D. V. Gundappa (DVG) wrote the book known as
Sanskriti.

04. K. K. Hebbar was the first president of the
Karnaataka Raajya Lalitha Kala Academy.

05. Manjeshwar Govind Pai wrote the poem in which he
said "Tanu Kannada, Mana Kannada Jana Kannada"
meaning body, mind and person are all for Kannada
language.

06. K. S. Narasimha Shastry composed the poems,
"Mysore Mallige.." and "Tereda Baagilu..."

07. Benjamin Louise Rice developed the Kannada
language and earned the title "Shasana Pitamaha".

08. The novel Chirasmarane was authored by writer
Niranjan.

09. Kavi Raja Marga was the first recognized Kannada
language literary work.

10. "Tale Danda" was authored by Girish Karnad in
relation to the biography of Basavanna.

11. The Pen name of M. V. Seetharamayya was
Raaghava.

12. Karnaataka Kalyana Karaka was the first Kannada
Ayurveda medicine book.

13. Shivaram Karanth was born in Kota village near
Kundapur in Udupi district.

14. Jolada Raashi Doddana Gowda Ranga Mandir is
located in Bellary town.

15. Dr. H. Narasimhayya had authored his auto
biography titled 'Horatada Haadi'.

16. Harman Mogling a German had translated the
poems of Kanakadaasa and Purandaradaasa in the
eighteenth century.

17. 'Nithyotsava' is a collection of poems authored by
poet K. S. Nissar Ahmed and sung as Sugama
Sangeetha.  An audio cassette and a compact disc of
these poems are the first such media made for Kannada
language.

18. The poet Vaadiraaja composed his works under the
pen name Hayavadana.

19. 'Anubhavaamritha' by Mahalinga Ranga was famous
for the paragraph meaning of which is as follows: "To
achieve salvation (Moksha) is it not enough if we speak
in Kannada which is as easy as eating a banana fruit?"

20. Nagesh Hegde authored the Kannada book
'Iruvudonde Bhoomi.'

21. Rao Bahaddoor R Narasimhachar was the author of
'Karnataka Kavi Charithe'.

22. Goroor Ramaswamy Iyengar was the author of
'Halliya Baalu.'

23. The father of Kannada Comedy was T. P. Kailasam.

24. K. Sadashiva wrote the small stories title 'Nalliyalli
Neeru Banthu'.

25. M. R. Srinivasmurthy authored the book
'Rangannana Kanasina Dinagalu.'

26. Navagiri Nanda was the editor of the Kannada
edition of Chandamama, a magazine for children for 30
years.

27. B. G. L. Swamy authored the book titled 'Namma
Hotteyalli Dakshina America.'

28. The writer Sri Ranga authored many books among
which are 'Kelu Janamejaya,' 'Shoka Chakra' and
'Katthale Belaku'.

29. Soori Venkataramana Shastry wrote the play
'Iggappa Heggade Vivaha Prahasana.'

30. De Javare Gowda (Dejagow) wrote the book
'Kannadigare Echcharagolli.'

31. H. K. Chandrashekar wrote the book 'Brihat Beli.'

32. Kula Kunda Shivaraya wrote his books and articles
under the pen name 'Niranjan'.

33. L. S. Sheshagiri Rao wrote the book 'Priya Kannada
Bandhu.'

34. S. L. Bairappa won the National Sahitya Academy
award for his book 'Daatu' in 1975.

35. 'Kannada Sahitya Parishath' was inaugurated in the
year 1915.

36. The write R. K. Narayana's novel 'Banker Margayya'
was made into a film with the title 'The Financial Expert'
by director Naagaabharana.

37. All India Kannada Literary Convention was held in
New Delhi in the year 1978 with G. P. Rajarathnam as
the Convention President.

38. A Muslim King of Karnaataka started his literary
work of poems 'Kitab E Navaras' with prayers to
goddess Saraswathi and god Ganesha as the first
stanzas (Shlokas).

39. 'Kannadada Nelada Pullenage Paavana Tulasi' was
how the famous writer Saali Ramachandra Rao
described himself as the servant of Kannada land and
its language.

40. Dr. Sindhuvalli Ananthamurthy earned his doctorate
by writing a thesis on the Gubbi Theatre.

41. The famous writer Siddhalingaiah wrote the novel
'Maadigara Hudugi' and Baraguru Ramachandrappa
wrote the book 'Alle Kunthavaru.'

42. Shivaram Karanth wrote the book 'Yakshagaana
Bayalaata' that describes the folk art.

43. 'Agniya Rekkegalu' is the Kannada translation of the
book 'Wings of Fire' authored by the former president of
India, A. P. J. Abdul Kalam.

44. Reverend Kittel produced the first Kannada-English
Dictionary.

45. Poet Chennaveera Kanavi wrote the poem praising
Karnaataka state in the following lines: 'Vishwa
Vinoothana Vidya Chethana Sarva Hridaya Sanskari.'

46. The poet Kuvempu was the vice-chancellor of a
university as well as a National poet (Rashtra Kavi).

47. Dr. Mogling edited the book containing 3000 folk
sayings, 'Mooru Savira Gadegalu.'

48. Dodda Range Gowda is a famous poet and his
poem 'Theraneri Ambaradage Nesara Naguthane' has
created a higher position for his literary abilities.

49. A. N. Murthy Rao authored the book 'Sanjegannina
Hinnota'.

50. Aloor Venkatrao was given the title of 'Kannada Kula
Purohitha'.

51. The first work of the famous Kannada novelist A. N.
Krishna Rao was a play, 'Maduveyo Manehaalo'.

52. N. P. Shankara Narayana wrote the book
'Swathantrya Gangeya Saavira Toregalu.'

53. The poet K. S. Narasimha Swamy was recognized
as Burns of Kannada literature after the European poet
Burns.

54. The Mysore ruler Krishna Raja Wodeyar III
composed and authored the books, Swara
Choodamani, Tatwa Nidhi and Bharatha Saara'.

55. Mallikarjuna Metri wrote the book 'Karnaatakada
Gandhi'.

56. The ancient Kannada poet Lakshmeesh was known
as Upamalola while Kumaravyasa was considered the
Shatpadi Chakravarti and Harihara as the Ragaleya
Kavi.

57. Shivaram Karanth wrote the popular novel 'Marali
Mannige'.

58. The novel 'Mai Managala Suliyalli' written by
Shivaram Karanth got the Pampa award.

59. P. Lankesh wrote his autobiography in his book 'Huli
Mavina Mara.'

60. 'Vikramaarjuna Vijaya' was authored by the ancient
poet Pampa Mahakavi.

61. The writer G. S. Amoor wrote the book 'Bhuvanada
Bhaagya.'

62. The T. V. serial 'Malgudi Days' was based on the
stories written by novelist R. K. Narayan and directed
by Shankar Nag.

63. The novel 'Rangayyana Vathara' was authored by
Niranjana Kulkund Shivaray.

64. R. R. Divakar wrote the book 'Karnaataka
Ekeekaranada Kathe' (The Story of formation of One
Karnaataka.)

65. Kuvempu the leading poet wrote the poem in which
there is the line, 'Suryodaya Chandrodaya Devara Daye
Kaano.'

66. Gorooru Ramaswamy Iyengar had translated the
book, 'My Experiments with Truth' by Mahatma Gandhi
into Kannada and titled it as 'Nanna Sathyanveshane'.

67. P. G. Halagatti is regarded as the Vachana
Pitamaha (Father of Vachanas).

68. The Royal Geological Society of London awarded
fellowship to the writer T. P. Kailasam for a thesis
written by an Indian for the first time.

69. The first book of poems written by Da Ra Bendre
was 'Gari' and that by Pu. Thi. Na. was 'Hanathe.'

70. The prestigious Shivarama Karanth award for the
year 2002 was given to Dr. C. R. Chandrashekar.

71. The ancient poets Ranna, Pampa and Ponna are
regarded as Rathnathrayas (three jewels) of Kannada
literature.

72. Dr. Masti Venkatesh Iyengar published the first
collection of poems that were written by Kuvempu.

73. 'Thiruka' (beggar) is the pen name by which Malladi
Raghavendra Swami wrote his poems, articles and
books.

74. Pampa, the ancient poet known as the Adi Kavi (first
poet) belonged to the 10the Century.

75. The Hindu pilgrimage town Shringeri is located on
the banks of River Tunga.
Reference: "Quiz Karnataka" published by
Renuka Calendars Hubli-20 (as of year 2008)
Rivers in Karnaataka
01. River Sharaavathi along which the world
famous Jog Falls may be seen originates at Ambu
Thirtha.

02. Gowri Kaluve is a stream along which the only
hot spring in the state of Karnaataka, the Bendoor
Thirtha may be found. It is located in Puttur Taluk
of Dakshina Kannada District, 16 kilometers from
Puttur town.

03. The River Krishna originates at hills of
Mahabaleshwar in the state of Maharashtra.

04. The Hidkal dam is built across the River
Ghataprabha.

05. Among the rivers in the state, Kaveri, Shimsa,
Doni and Sharavathi, the shortest is Sharavathi.

06. River Bheema flows for 290 kilometers from its
origin to its end.

07. River Malaprabha originates as Kana Kumbi in
Belgaum district. It flows for 304 kilometers.

08. Kabini Dam and Reservoir were built in the
year 1974.

09. River Vedavathi has two dams. Vani Vilas
Sagar reservoir and dam are located in
Karnaataka and Bhairava Tishta dam and
Reservoir are located in the state of Andhra
Pradesh.

10. In Heggade Devana Kote are located the
reservoirs, Thaaraka, Nugu and Kabini.

11. Bagur Navile tunnel is the longest man-made
underground water pipe.

12. The Amarjan Dam is located in Aland Taluk.

13. Harangi reservoir is in Kodagu (Coorg) District.

14. The famous and ancient temple Sri
Kanteshwara in Nanjangud is on the banks of
Kapila river.

15. 'Abbe Falls' near Madikeri in Kodagu district
occurs along the river Varahi.

16. The Gokak Falls along Ghataprabha river has
a height of 52 meters.

17. The River Mandovi begins its journey from the
Western Ghats in Karnaataka and joins the
Arabian Sea in Goa.

18. The Bedthi Falls is the second highest water
falls in the state. It is also known as Gangavalli
Falls.

19. The Shivagange is the name of the place
where two water falls viz. Gagana Chukki and
Bhar Chukki occur on the river Kaveri.

20. Kateel Durga Parameshwari temple is on the
banks of River Nandini.

21. Wyanad of Kerala is where the 230 kilometer
long River Kapila takes off.

22. The Gaajanoor dam and reservoir are built
across the River Tunga.

23. The left bank canal of the Hemavathi reservoir
is named after A. G. Ramachandra Rao and the
right bank canal is named after Goroor
Ramaswamy Iyengar.

24. The Bachavat Commission award was in
respect of sharing the waters of River Krishna
(also River Bheema.)
Musicians of Karnaataka
01. Purandara Dasa is the father of Karnaatic
Music.

02. Dr. M. Balamuralikrishna is known to have
mastered playing musical instruments such as
Violin and Mridangam and also sing Vocal
renditions.

03. Gamaka is a musical style of Karnaataka and
H. M. Raamaraadhya made it popular among the
masses.

04. The first group of Daasa musicians was put
together by Madhwaachaarya.

05. Dr. Bindu Madhav Pathak was a famous
musician.

06. S. R. Ramarao was an exponent of Sitar
recitals.

07. Alla Rakkha was the leading internationally
recognized Tabla player from the state that got the
prestigious Chowdayya Memorial Award for Music.

08. Panchakshari Mattigatti won the Kanaka
Purandara Award for Music in 2002.

09. Bhadragiri Achuth Das received the Kanaka
Purandar Award for Hari Katha.

10. B. Naada Dasappa was famous for playing
Naadaswara wind instrument.

11. P. Kalinga Rao was given the title Kannadada
Kogile for his outstanding ability to sing Sugama
Sangeeta (light music).

12.The famous Sitar player Bale Khan was an
expert in Hindusthani Classical music.

13. The novelist A. N. Krishna Rao was
responsible for the classical Hindusthani musician
Mallikarjun Mansoor to render Basavanna's
Vachanas.

14. Suma Sudhindra was a famous Veena player
of the state.

15. Veena maestro Rajarayaru composed music
for the songs of 'Anthaha Purada Geethegalu'
written by D. V. Gundappa.
Karnaataka Religious Leaders
01. Madhwaachaarya founded the eight Maths of
Udupi with his Dwaitha siddhanth as the guide.

02. Kanakadaasa was a low-caste Krishna devotee.
He was not allowed to enter the Udupi Krishna
Temple from its main entrance. Therefore he stood
in the back of the temple and sang a Bhajan which
was so powerful that the wall showed a crack and
then a window. The Krishna idol rotated on its
pedestal to face the singer.

03. Narahari Thirtha was one of the Madhwa
Swamies that promoted the Yakshagaana
movement by his participation in writing the
diaglogue, directing the dance and acting, and
creating various costumes for the roles.

04. Basavanna inaugurated 'Kalyana Kranti' in the
twelfth century.

05. Hoysala king Vishnu Vardhana gave shelter to
Saint Raamaanujaachaarya when he left for
Karnaataka to escape harassment from Tamil Kings.

06. Nijaguna Shivayogi was the author of Vachanas
with Shambhulinga as the pen name.

07. Raamanujachaarya lived in Melu Kote for over
fourteen years and converted the land into a
habitable Bhoovaikuntha (heaven on earth).
Karnaataka Politics
01. The sixteenth Chief Minister of the state of
Karnaataka was S. M. Krishna.

02. H. D. Deve Gowda was a Prime Minister of India
from the state of Karnaataka.

03. Gandhinagar is the name of the capital of state
of Gujarath but the name of a Legislative Assembly
constituency in Bangalore is also Gandhinagar.

04. "Swaraj is my birth right" was the slogan made
popular by Bal Gangadhar Tilak, an early freedom
fighter in Belgaum town.

05. Mylar Mahadevappa participated in Gandhiji's
Dandi Salt Sathyagraha as the lone representative
from Karnaataka.

06. K. S. Hegde was Loka Sabha speaker from the
state.

07. In the year 1982, the campaign to force the
government to implement Gokak report took a
violent turn.

08. Most people with Kannada as their mother
tongue live in Mandya district.

09. Group Insurance Scheme for the welfare of
farmers launched by the state government is known
as 'Jana Shree Yojane'.

10. The Medical university established after the
name of former Prime Minister Rajeev Gandhi 'Rajiv
Gandhi University of Health Sciences' is located in
Bangalore.

11. M. N. Venkatachalayya was a judge of the
Supreme Court, just as E. S. Venkataramayya was.

12. In the year 1992 the Kannada Development
Authority came into existence.

13. Mangalore town is known also as Kudla,
Kodiyala and Mykala.

14. The Bangalore TV station as a recasting station
began working on 1st January 1982.

15. Prof. U. R. Rao, the space scientist had once
served as the president of the public sector
broadcasting company Prasara Bharathi.

16. Varada Grameen Bank is a subsidiary bank of
the nationalized Syndicate Bank.

17. Justice B. N. Manjula Devi was the first woman
in Karnaataka to have entered the judicial service.

18. 'Udyan Express' train runs between Mumbai and
Bangalore daily.

19. Three people from Karnaataka won the
Magsasay award for excellent social service viz.
Kamala Devi Chattopadhyaya, K. V. Subbanna and
K. V. Lakshman.

20. Under schedule 371G of the Indian Constitution
Hyderabad Karnaataka has been declared as a
backward region.

21. The town of Gadag has the most number of
printing presses in the state.

22. Kadidala Manjappa was the Chief Minister of the
state for a short period between 19 August 1956 and
31 October 1956.

23. The train Mathsya Gandha Express runs
between Kurla in Mumbai and Mangalore in
Karnaataka.

24. K. C. Reddi was a Chief Minister of the state and
later appointed the governor of the state of Madhya
Pradesh.

25. The poem 'Jaya Bharatha Jananiya Tanujate
Jayahe Karnaataka Maathe' is the Naada Geethe
(state anthem) agreed by the Kannada Sahithya
Parishath.

26. In the small town Manipal of Karnataka state
there is the head quarters of a large nationalized
bank known as the Syndicate Bank.

27. Until the last general elections, the Assembly
constituency of Uttara Halli was the largest in the
nation.

28. The train known as the 'Island Express' runs
between Bangalore and Kanya Kumari (Cape
Comorin) via Thiruvananthapuram.

29. Justice A. J. Sadashiva was the head of the
Inquiry Commission appointed by the state
government to investigate the complaints of
atrocities by S. T. F. , on members of Veerappan's
gang.

30. Ramakrishna Hegde was sworn in as the Chief
Minister of the state for the first time in 1983 for the
second time in 1985 and for the third time in 1986.

31. Former Chief Minister S. M. Krishna first entered
the Legislative Assembly as a member of the Praja
Socialist Party.

32. Tunga Bhadra Grameen Bank was the first
Grameen bank in Karnaataka.

33. The magazine 'Gandhi Bazaar' is engaged in
popularizing books but there is also a Gandhi
Bazaar market in Bangalore.

34. The Kannada queen Abbakka Devi defeated the
Portuguese army in the Ullal battle.

35. The Wadeyar Commission report was on the
plan to shape and decide the policies and activities
of the Kannada University.

36. Computerization of the Ration Cards was done
first in the Baila Hongal taluk.

37. K. S. Nagarathnamma was the speaker of the
Karnataka Legislative Assembly for full five years.

38. The full name of the currency note printing press
in Mysore is Bharathiya Reserve Bank Notu
Mudrana Limited.

39. The Karnaataka State Road Transport
Corporation was awarded the Prince Michael of
Kent Certificate of excellence.
Power Stations in Karnaataka
01. Shakthi Nagar near Raichur is the location of
the Thermal Power Station.

02. The first Hydro-Electric power station in the
state was 'Jala Vidyuth Kendra' constructed in
Shivanasamudra under the directions of the then
Dewan of Mysore K Sheshadri Iyer.
Karnaataka Stone Sculpture
01. Gomateshwara statue is found in Haasan
District in Shravanabelagola.

02. Moodbidri town is where the 1000-pillar Basadi
or Jain temple.

03. Chenna Keshava temple is in Beluru town.

04. Gol Gumbaz of Gulbarga was completed in the
year 1659 A.D.

05. The first Rashtrakoota king Krishna had
conquered large areas including the Ellora caves in
Maharashtra, where he got the Kailasa Naath
Temple carved out of the stone mountain.

06. Kashi Vishweshwara Temple as well as the
Brahma Jinalaya of Lakkundi are built by the kings
of Chalukya Dynasty.
Minerals found in Karnaataka
01. Gold is mined from Hatti Gold Mines located in
Raichur District.

02. Bakelite is mined in Belgaum district.

03.  Mangalnese is found in Kumsi hills of Shivamogga
district just as in Sondanur of Ballary district.
Karnaataka Cinema and Theatre
01. Bedara Kannappa in which Kannada actor
Rajkumar played the leading role was the first
Kannada Film that ran for more than 100 days.

02. Shringaar Nagaraj known as Seegitham was
the director of the silent movie "Pushpak Vimaana"
in which Kamala Hassan was the hero.

03. Gubbi Veeranna Theatre buildings are
constructed in Tumkur town and in Gandhinagar
area of Bangalore.

04. "Maleya Makkalu" was the film directed by
Shivaram Karanth.

05. The film Shringara Maasa had only two actors,
Amol Palekar and Sangeetha Nayak.

06. The first Tulu language film was Enna
Thangadi.

07. Bellary Raghava was felicitated for his
theatrical skills by leaders like Mahatma Gandhi,
Ravindranath Tagore and Bal Gangadhar Tilak.

08. H. S. Shivaprakash authored the play
Mahachaithra.

09. Gubbi Veeranna wrote and played the two
plays viz. Kampany Malikara Jeevana Charithre
and Kaleye Kayaka.

10. U. R. Ananthamurthy wrote dialogue for one
movie, Kankana.

11. Gokalu Nirgamana, a ballet (poem in dramatic
form) was authored by Pu. Thi. Narasimhachar.

12. D. Shankarsingh produced the most number of
films under one banner.

14. H. M. Ramachandra had won the National
award for best cinematography for the film
'Dweepa'.

15. Shankar Nag was the co-director as well as an
actor for staging the play 'Nodi Swamy, Naavirode
Heege' under the banner Sanket.

16. Raghava Kala Mandir is located in Ballary town.

17. The famous Bollywood actor Amitaph
Bachchan had suffered a severe injury during
shooting for the film 'Coolie' in Bangalore in the
year 1982.

18. 'Rasa Rishi' is a play depicting the life and
achievements of poet Kuvempu. C. R. Simha acted
in this play and also directed it many times making
it a very popular play.

19. K. S. Narasimha Swamy wrote the lyrics for the
songs in the film 'Mysore Mallige' for which he won
a national award.

20. The National Film award for the best children's
film known as Swarna Kamal (Golden Lotus) went
to two Kannada films. viz. 'Jamboosavaari' and
'Dange Edda Makkalu.'

21. The classical musician Mallikarjun Mansoor of
Karnaataka was the music director for the Kannada
film Chandrahaasa.

22. The actor Pandari Bai won the best supporting
actor award twice for the films 'Namma Makkalu'
and 'Belli Moda.'

23. T. Udayshankar was the music director of over
300 Kannada films.

24. 'Belli Moda' was a very popular Kannada film
based on a novel written by novelist Triveni. In this
film the hero was Kalyan Kumar and the heroine
was Kalpana.

25. The poet Da. Ra. Bendre had composed seven
songs and written the script and dialogues for the
Kannada film 'Vichithra Prapancha'.

26. 'Sharavegada Saradara' was a 70mm Kannada
film.

27. The play 'Kattu' is regarded as the first
Kannada street theatre.

28. The Kannada film 'Athitthi' was directed by
Sheshadri and it won the Karnataka state award for
best film.

29. The first Kannada film produced exclusively for
broadcasting on the T. V. channel Doordarshan
was 'Bannada Vesha' that was directed by Girish
Kasaravalli.

30. R. K. Suryanarayana the famous Veena
maestro played the role of Naagi the Veena player
in the film 'Malaya Maarutha.'

31. The novelist Na Desoza wrote 'Dweepa' story
based on which Girish Kasaravalli directed a film of
the same name.

32. The group of Cinema artists known as the
Kannada Chalanachithra Kalavidara Sangha
producted their first film 'Rana Dheera Kanthirava'
in 1960.

33. The first Kannada film that was produced in a
foreign country was 'Raja Kulla' in Singapore.

34. There is a 'Sawai Gandharv Ranga Mandir' in
Belgaum and another 'Sawai Gandharva Ranga
Mandir is in Hubli town.
Karnaataka Forests
01. There are 21 Wild Life Sanctuaries and 5
National Parks in the state.

02. Gudavi Bird Sanctuary is located in Soraba
Taluk of Shivamogga district.

03. Bhadra Wild Life Sanctuary is situated in the
Chikmagalur district.

04. Chiracholi Wild Life Sanctuary is located in
Gulbarga district.

05. The Bandipur Tiger Reserve forest benefited
from the 'Save the Tiger' campaign of 1973 and
increased its tiger population to more than 80 since
then.
Karnaataka Industries
01. Mysore Sugar Factory in Mandya town was the first
sugar factory established in India.

02. KSFC or Karnataka State Financial Corporation is
the leading public sector financial enterprise in the
state.

03. Mavina Kurve is the town where locks are
manufactured as a cottage industry in the state.

04. Indian Coffee Board was established in the year
1941 A.D.

05. The state of Karnaataka holds the eighth place in
Industrial development in India.

06. Mining by spotigraphy was first introduced in the
mines of Brahmagiri and Chandravalli in Chithradurga
district.

07. Karnaataka state is in the IV position in sugar
production in the country.
Karnaataka Historical Buildings
01. Gol Gumbaz of Bijapur has a dome measuring
114 feet in diameter.

02. Jagan Mohan Palace was converted into
Jayachamarajendra Art Gallery in the year 1816..

03. Belur Chenna Keshava Temple was built by
Hoysala king Vishnu Vardhana to commemorate
his conversion from Jainism into Vaishnavism.

04. The famous historical building 'Do Minar' in
Gulbarga town resemble the 'Char Minar' of the city
of Hyderabad.
Karnaataka Journalism
01. H. S. Krishnaswami Iyengar was the columnist who
wrote under the pen name of Samadarshi. He was
popular as HSK.

02. M. V. Kamath, the journalist wrote his autobiography
of 979 pages in his book 'A Reporter at Large'.

03. Panchakshari Hiremath started the first Kannada
periodical 'Cinema' in 1936

04. Karnataka State Department of Information and
Publicity publishes the bulletin 'March of Karnataka'.

05. 'Kannada Prabha' daily newspaper began
publication on 4th February, 1967.

06. 'Mangalore Samaachar' was the first newspaper in
Kannada.

07. 'Sathyavaadi' was a Kannada language newspaper
published from Mysore and the famous M. S. Krishna
Rao was the editor of this newspaper for the longest
period so as to register in the Guinness record as such.

08. R. K. Lakshman was widely recognized for his
expertise in drawing cartoons for the print media. He
won the Magsasay award for this skill.

09. The publising company known as Vaahini
Prakaashana was responsible for bringing out pocket
size books about 50 years ago in the state.
Scientists of Karnaataka
01. Dr. G. V. Sathyavathi was the first woman to
head the Indian National Commission for Medical
Research.

02. C. N. R. Rao is the common usage form of
Chinthamani Nagesh Ramachandra Rao.

03. Dr. Sheela K. Ramashesha of the state
received the Sir C. V. Raman award in 1999.
Karnaataka Sports
01. Kantirava Stadium is located in Bangalore.

02. Raaju Patrike is the periodical published
exclusively for sports news.

03. A stud farm is located in Kunigal town in
Karnaataka.

04. Pankaj Advani is from the state and he won
many victories in the Snooker Billiards.

05. V. Subrahmanyam was the first cricket player
who scored double century at the Ranji Trophy
match for the state in 1966-67.

06. Prahlad Srinath became famous as a Tennis
player.

07. Javagal Srinath was the famous cricket player
in the bowling department from the state. His first
international match was in Australia and his first
victim was Jef Marsh.

08. National Coffee Day Championship Rally 2003
was held in Chikmagalur town.

09. M. P. Ganesh was the first captain of the
Hockey Team of India in International matches.

10. Sayyed Kirmani played the most Ranji Trophy
matches for Karnataka state.

11. R. K. Praveen is a famous tennis player.

12. Karnataka State Department of Sports has
held the Cricket Tourney for the disabled for five
successive years in Hubli town.

13. Yethadk Vinay Bhat is the youngest Chess
Grand Master in the world.

14. The woman cricketer Shantha Rangaswamy
who was the captain of the Indian women's team,
was the first sportswoman to have won the Arjuna
award from Karnaataka.

15. Malathi Holla was a leading athletics star from
Karnaataka state.

16. Ranjit Khanvilkar was a young cricketer from
Karnaataka that died in a train accident.

17. Vijay Kirthi of Karnaataka has made his name
in the game of Chess.

18. C. Shubha and V. Bharath Kumar have been
successful in swimming competitions in
Karnaataka state.

19. The 29th National Junior Kabaddi
Championship tourney was held in Hiriyur.

20. E. A. S. Prasanna wrote the sports book 'One
More Over.'

21. The rural sport 'Koli Anka' is played most
widely in the Dakshina Kannada and Udupi
districts.

22. The southern division of the Indian National
Sports Authority is located in Bangalore city.

23. There are two famous hockey players in
whose names memorial tourneys are arranged
and cups and shields are awarded to winning
hockey teams. They are V. Karunakaran and D. S.
Murthy.

24. The stadium belonging to the Karnaataka
State Hockey Federation is in Ashok Nagar area
of Bangalore city.

25. The Karnaataka Golf Association is located in
Bangalore city.
Karnaataka Festivals
01. Naada Habba or Dasara is held in Mysore once
every year during September or October.

02. Draupadi is worshipped at the Karaga festival in
Bangalore.

03. The famous 'Vaira Mudi' festival of Melukote in
Mandya district is held every year.
Demography of Karnaataka
01. 1,91,791 square kilometers is the area of the
state of Karnaataka.

02. Dakshina Kannada district is where there is no
illiteracy. Everyone could read and write.

03. The state of Karnaataka has Goa,
Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Naadu and
Kerala as its neighbouring states.

04. Chittapura Taluk in Gulbarga district is the
second biggest Taluk in the state.

05. Pandavas are remembered by the Taluk known
as Pandavapura located in Mandya district.

06. The Kannada speaking people were distributed
in 22 different administrative blocks before the
present state of Karnaataka was born.

07. A village named Shuntthi is located in the
Kodagu district.

08. The dogs of Mudhol are a famous breed.

09. The Uttara Kannada district has the largest
forest cover in the state.

10. The largest district in the state is Bijapur and
the smallest is Bangalore Urban district.

11. There are over 141 scheduled agricultural
produce markets in the state.
Karnaataka Education
01. Vijayalakshmi Bidari was the female candidate
from the state to get the first rank in the IAS
examination.

02. Maanasa Gangotri is nick name of Mysore
University and its campus is located on the banks of
Kukkara Halli Lake.

03. Kuvempu University campus is located on the
banks of Bhadra Reservoir.

04. The First Vice-Chancellor of Hampi University was
Chandrashekar Kambar.

05. Mangalore University has started a chair for the
study of Kanakadaasa literature.

06. The first British style Arts (Humanities) College
was started in Mangalore in 1809.

07. Agricultural colleges are located in Hebbal near
Bangalore and in Dharwad town.

08. Bangalore University has the most number of
colleges affiliated to it in India.

09. 'Maneyangaladalli Maathukathe' was a programme
arranged by the Directorate of Kannada and Culture
for senior and prominent Kannada writers, artists,
sculptors, film producers etc., for individual
face-to-face talks on Kannada language and culture in
the state.

10. Sri Chamarajendra Technical Institute of Mysore
city was started in the year 1913.

11. T. S. Venkannayya was the first ever school Head
Master in the state.

12. The National Law School of India is regarded as a
law university and it is located in Bangalore city.
Karnaataka Artists
01. Maya Rao was the first female artist of Indian
Dance from the state that became a disciple of
Shambhu Maharaj.

02. Karnataka Lalith Kala Academy looks after the
welfare of Drawing and Painting art and its artists.

03. Kuvempu Kalakshethra is located in Bangalore city.

04. Kanaka Murthy was an expert recognized for her
sculptural talents.

05. Haaradi Raamagaaniga had won a national award
for his Yakshagaana acting.

06. Pandaribai acted as a mother in over 500 films.

07. K. R. S. Prasanna, a dance artist, is known for
having danced for 24 hours or more continuously.

08. Jakanaachari award was given to N. K.
Mrithyunjayachaarya in 2002.

09. Praveen Godkhindi and Venkatesh Godkhindi are
Flautists.

10. Aparala Thammanna produced the Yakshagaana
play 'Sri Krishna Paarijaatha'.

11. Sujana won the National Literary (Sahitya)
Academy award in 2002. Sujana's real name was S. G.
Narayana Shetty.

12. Girish Karnad was the only Kannadiga who
adorned the post of President of the National Music
and Drama Academy of India.

13. Rathnamala Prakash represented the state of
Karnatak in Bharath Utsav (Festival of India) held in
Russia.

14. The real name of famous singer Garthi Kere
Raghanna was Ho. Na. Raghavendra.

15. 'Sharngha Deva' was one among many Classical
Music composers of the past from Karnaataka. He
wrote the book 'Sangeetha Rathnakara.'

16. T. Chowdaiah made the eight string violin popular
by making innovations in music.

17. Rajeev Taranath is a famous musician from
Karnaataka playing Sarod instrument.

18. Girish Karnad was presenting the TV programme
'Turning Point' on Doordarshan TV channel for a
certain period. In the programme modern science was
depicted as being responsible for turning out a better
society.

19. Shakunthala Devi was so adept in calculation and
mathematics that she was termed a 'woman computer'.

20. Pandit Sheshadri Gawai was the Head Master at
the Aravind Sangeeth Vidyalaya, a school of music.

21. E. Hanumantha Rao and T. S. Sathyan were the
two best known cinematographers.

22. The cartoonist Ranga authored the book of
cartoons known as 'Indira Gandhi, A Profile in Line.'

23. Chandrabhaaga Devi and U. S. Krishna Rao were
famous dancers of Karnaataka.

24. S. Puttachar was highly respected for his Mridanga
playing acumen.

25. Pandit Bhimsen Joshi had received the honorary
doctorate in music from Karnataka University of
Dharwad.

26. The water instrument of music known as
Jalatharanga was popularized by Kannada artist B.
Devendrappa.

27. Karnaatic Musician M. S. Subbalakshmi sang the
Kannada song 'Jagadoddharana' in the U.N. general
assembly.

28. The poet and composer K. S. Ashwath was the
first artist to have received the award named
after Dr. Rajkumar.
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STATE OF KARNAATAKA
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