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Adyar Gopal Parivar
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This website is a renovated website of Adyar Gopal Parivar. I am Dr. Mohan G Shenoy inviting you to visit and explore the website.
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ADYAR VILLAGE
By Mohan Shenoy

ABOUT ADYAR VILLAGE IN MANGALORE

In 1510 A.D., the Kanara region was ruled by small and petty rulers belonging to the local Jain or Bunt community. They pledged allegiance to the Kings of Vijayanagara Kingdom.

Our ancestors are originally from Goa. They lived peacefully until the Portuguese government was established in Goa in 1510 A.D.The Portuguese King was a Roman Catholic Christian. He had been advised by the Pope to convert all non-Christians into Christianity, by force if necessary.

Therefore within a short time after the administration of Goa was taken up by the Portuguese government, the local Hindu people were persuaded to convert into Christianity. Our ancestors were well entrenched in their religion and were unable to even think of any other life-style.

Therefore they refused to get converted into Christianity. This lead to imposition of Inquisition by the Portuguese high-priests with open support of the Portuguese administrators. To escape this persecution the Hindus took to mass-migration under very difficult conditions and moved to areas beyond the control of the Portuguese, which was all around Goa. Some of them migrated to the north; others to the south. Very few could migrate towards the east, since the western ghat mountains prevented easy march to safety.
This mass-migration began around 1540 A.D., and continued until 1838 A.D., first in big hordes; later in small groups.

In 1837 A.D., Portugal became a Republic nation and the democratic government of Portugal stopped the religious persecution.The first migrants had the most difficulties to face; those who arrived later were helped by those who had arrived earlier and had taken a firm foot-hold in the new land.

Thus the Goans who migrated to the new areas adopted the customs, culture and language of their country of migration.From then onwards the GSB community in Karnaataka flourished under the Hindu Vijayanagara Rulers.

After the defeat of the Vijayanagara Rulers in the Rakkasathangadi battle in 1564, the Canara region became directly under the Keladi kings.

Maratha army repeatedly attacked Keladi and surrounding Canara region from 1700 till 1764. In 1764 Keladi fell to Hyderali. Hyderali ruled Canara with iron hand. After Hyderali his son Tippu Sultan became the ruler in this area, enforcing Islamic system of governance over the subjects.

The armed forces of the British East India Company defeated Tippu Sultan in a Anglo-Mysore battle in 1784 A.D. Tippu signed a surrender treaty with the British English East India Company forces. This treaty is known as the Mangalore treaty of 1784.

East India Company had established its hold in Malabar and Canara after 1784. This was a very turbulent period for Mangaloreans. The British rule was administered directly from Madras (now Chennai) and the north and south Kanara districts were included in the Madras province, along with Malabar.

Most of the Adyar Gopal Parivar ancestors were born and brought up within a radius of 100 kilometers in the old South Kanara District.They were all poor farmers and businessmen. They were either small landholders or landless tenants. Some of them were small merchants running retail or wholesale grocery stores. A good proportion of them were excellent cooks preparing and selling sweets or establishing small restaurants.

Who Are Eligible to become Members of the Parivar?
1. Descendants of Sampige Madhav Kini. 2. Descendants of the three sisters who married the grooms of Mijar Kamaths, 3. Mijar Shenoys and Hiranki Kinis. 4. Descendants of Adyar Gopalakrishna Shenoy.

Hiranki Ramchandra Kini was a retail grocery store owner in Baddakatte. Mijar Madhav Shenoy and Annappa Kamath almost entirely depended upon their small agricultural fields, which they took over as tenants from the rich Jain landlords in the area. These three men had married three sisters who are our root persons.
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