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Hindu Festivals
Adyar Gopal Parivar
An extended family of Adyar Gopal
Adyar Gopal Parivar Society
Public Importance
This website is a renovated website of Adyar Gopal Parivar. I am Dr. Mohan G Shenoy inviting you to visit and explore the website.
Hindu Festivals
Tourist Destinations
By Mohan Shenoy
         This is about the fall of the Roman Empire.

        One L. C. Sulla became the dictator of the Roman Republic in the year 81 before Christian Era (CE), or 81 B.C., having been appointed as such and given total power to him as a single individual unlike in the past.

        In the past, in Rome, no single individual had such total power to rule the Roman Republic. Julius Caesar became the second such dictator with total power. Caesar was assassinated in the year 44 B.C. When Augustus succeeded Caesar, he assumed the powers of the Senate of Roman Republic and became de facto Emperor. The Roman Republic became an Empire. The history of Roman Empire is a big chapter in the History of the World.

        Around the same time, one Jesus was born to Mary, a Jewish lady in Nazareth village. Jesus grew up in Nazareth and traveled far and wide preaching his version of God and religion. He thus offended the people practicing the prevailing religion of Judaism and of Solism (Sol is Sun God). Although he did not speak ill about Judaism, or of Solism, he was accused of some kind of blasphemy for which he was executed by crucifixion in nearby Jerusalem at a young age.

        Jesus was accused of sedition by the jury trying him for his alleged crimes. Jesus was sentenced to die by crucifixion by the then Prefect and Procurator of Judea Province of Roman Empire. Jesus thus died, his apostles claimed, for the sins of the masses. Jesus became Jesus Christ. His religion became Christian religion or Christianity.

        Sacrifice of Jesus' life on the cross became a major event that fuelled proselytization of the subjects of the kingdom into Jesus' religion.  The Roman Emperor Tiberius (Tiberius was the emperor at the time Jesus was crucified), and officials in the Roman Empire were mostly non-Jew but as Christianity became widely accepted, lots and lots of Jewish people became Jewish Christians and non-Jews became Christians. The Roman emperors and officials as well as a large percentage of the population, however, refused to change their own Sol religion.

        About 320 years later, the emperor Constantine I, converted himself into Christianity in the 4th Century AD. But later on, the head of Christianity, the Pope, became more powerful and began to dictate terms to the kings and queens of different nations, including Rome. The Roman Empire had turned Christian.

        There appeared a new religion, Islam, on the religions' horizon in the 7th Century AD. Conflicts arose between Christianity and Islam. Mohammedan kingdoms rose among the Christian lands. There were wars between the Christian kingdoms and Mohammedan kingdoms. In 1435, the Ottoman Turks waged war on Constantinople (the present Istanbul in Turkey), and defeated the Roman Emperor of the time. This ended the Roman Empire.

        The Islam religion has spread far and wide and gained in importance with the wealth it holds in the Islamic countries. Islamic countries are very rich in resources.

        According to the website the approximate religion-wise breakdown of the population of the world is 14% Hindus, 21% Mohammedans, 33% Christians, and 6% each of Buddhists, Chinese Traditionals, and Primal Indigenous. There are 0.22% Jews and 8% non-religious theists. Approximately 8% of the population claims that there is no God or that they are atheists.

        It is remarkable that Judaism survives in spite of the trials and tribulations it underwent throughout the many centuries since Christ. In fact Judaism has thrived after the WW II. However Christianity is not an enemy of Judaism, and Christians around the world now live in peace with the Jews and do not persecute Jews since WW II.

        Hinduism will survive only if the people of India and the Indian rulers let them. There is a lot of similarity between the religion followed by the Roman Republic and Roman Emperors before Constantine I, and Hinduism. Hinduism is the oldest religion in the world along with Judaism. Hinduism also survives because of its intrinsic power it has over its adherents.

        Religion is becoming less and less important in this modern world of science and technology. Hinduism has to adapt itself to science and technology and provide real spiritual solace to its adherents. But the future holds unknown course for the various religions of the world. The Roman religion of Sol God has virtually and practically died.

        The fact that the promise and provision of reservations in jobs and educational institutions in India requires one to label himself as belonging to this or that religion or to one or other caste, and this fact enables the division of our society into various groups. Democracy runs on majority opinion. The legislature is voted by the majority voters. Numbers are important in democracy. Vote bank politics has degenerated into politicians favouring one religion at the cost of another religion.

        The Indian Constitution gives Indians religious freedom. Secular does not mean opposing religions. Indian Hindu Empire fell in 1192 AD when Prithviraj Chauhan was defeated at Turain by Mohammed Ghori. Hinduism has survived since then on its own grit and fortitude. Let us not weaken it with wrong application of our vote power.